Majumder, Rajarshi (2012): Removing poverty and inequality in India: the role of infrastructure.
Download (188kB) | Preview
Developing countries attach enormous importance to physical infrastructure for poverty reduction. We contend that this association is different across types of infrastructure and regions. The present paper explores the multidimensional association between infrastructure and poverty in India in a regional framework. Infrastructural availability improves average living standards and lowers the incidence of poverty but the relation between infrastructural situation and inequality indicates higher inequality in regions with better infrastructure, especially for rural areas. Various sub-components of infrastructure have different impacts on poverty reduction and policy formulations should focus on such differentiated roles while drawing up programmes.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Removing poverty and inequality in India: the role of infrastructure|
|Keywords:||Poverty; Infrastructure; Inequality; India; Regional Study; Asia;|
|Subjects:||H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H54 - Infrastructures ; Other Public Investment and Capital Stock
D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D63 - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
|Depositing User:||Rajarshi Majumder|
|Date Deposited:||05. Sep 2012 14:00|
|Last Modified:||28. Sep 2015 15:33|
Ali, I. and Ernesto M. Pernia (2003) – ‘Infrastructure and Poverty Reduction: What is the Connection?’ ERD Policy Brief No. 13, Economics and Research Department, Asian Development Bank, Manila.
Amis and Kumar (2000) – ‘Urban Economic Growth, Infrastructure and Poverty in India: Lessons from Visakhapatnam’, Environment & Urbanization, Vol. 12, No. 1.
Balisacan, A. M., and E. M. Pernia (2002) – ‘Probing Beneath Cross-National Averages: Poverty, Inequality, and Growth in the Philippines’, ERD Working Paper Series No. 7, Economics and Research Department, Asian Development Bank, Manila.
Balisacan, A. M., E. M. Pernia, and A. Asra (2002) – ‘Revisiting Growth and Poverty Reduction in Indonesia: What Do Subnational Data Show?’ ERD Working Paper Series No. 25, Economics and Research Department, Asian Development Bank, Manila.
Bhattarai, M., R. Sakhitavadivel, and Intizar Hussain (2002) – ‘Irrigation Impacts on Income Inequality and Poverty Alleviation’, International Water Management Institute Working Paper 39, Colombo.
Binswanger, Hans, S. Khandker, and M. Rosenzweig (1993) – ‘How Infrastructure and Financial Institutions affect Agricultural Output and Investment in India’, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 41: 337-366.
DFID (2002) – ‘Making the Connections: Infrastructure for Poverty Reduction’, London.
Estache, A. (2004) – ‘Emerging Infrastructure Policy Issues in Developing Countries: A Survey of the Recent Economic Literature’, Background paper for October 2004 meeting of the POVNET Infrastructure Working Group, World Bank
Estache, A. and Goicoechea, A. (2005) – ‘A ‘Research’ Database on Infrastructure Economic Performance, Policy Research Working Paper 3642, World Bank
Fan, S. (2003) – ‘Public Investment and Poverty Reduction: What Have We Learnt from India and China’, IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute) paper prepared for the ADBI conference ‘Infrastructure Investment for Poverty Reduction: What do we Know?’ Tokyo
Fan, S. and Zhang, X. (2004) – ‘Infrastructure and Regional Economic Development in Rural China’, China Economic Review, Vol. 15: 203–14
Fan (2004) – ‘Infrastructure and Pro-poor Growth’, Paper prepared for the OECD DACT POVNET Agriculture and Pro-Poor Growth, Helsinki Workshop, 17-18 June 2004,
Fan, S., P. Hazell, and S. Thorat (1999) – ‘Linkages between Government Spending, Growth and Poverty in Rural India’; Research Report 110, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC.
Fan, S., L. X. Zhang, and X. B. Zhang (2002) – ‘Growth, Inequality, and Poverty in Rural China: The Role of Public Investments’, Research Report 125, IFPRI, Washington, D.C.
Glewwe, P., M. Gragnolati, and H. Zaman (2000) – ‘Who Gained from Vietnam’s Boom in the 1990s? An Analysis of Poverty and Inequality Trends’, World Bank Working Paper 2275, Washington, D.C.
Goldstein, Ellen (1993) – ‘The Impact of Rural Infrastructure on Rural Poverty’, mimeo, South Asia Region, World Bank.
Hansen, N. (1965), The Structure and Determinants of Local Public Investment Expenditure, Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 47.
Howe, J. and P. Richards (1984) – ‘Rural Roads and Poverty Alleviation’, ILO, Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd., London, U.K.
Jacoby, H., and B. Minten (2008) – ‘On Measuring the Benefits of Lower Transport Costs’, Policy Research Working Paper No. WPS 4484, The World Bank
Jalan, J., and M. Ravallion (2002) – ‘Geographic Poverty Traps? A Micro Model of Consumption Growth in Rural China’, Journal of Applied Econometrics, Vol. 17(4): 329-46.
Jimenez, E. Y. (1995) – ‘Human and Physical Infrastructure’, in Behrman, J., and T. N. Srinivasan (eds) Handbook of Development Economics, Volume 3B, Elsevier Science, North Holland, pp. 2773-2843.
Jones, S. (2004) ‘Contribution of Infrastructure to Growth and Poverty Reduction in East Asia and the Pacific’, background paper, Oxford Policy Management, October
Jones, S. (2006) – ‘Infrastructure Challenges in East and South Asia’, IDS Bulletin, Vol. 37 No. 3, Institute of Development Studies
Kakwani, N. and Pernia, E (2000) – ‘What is Pro-poor Growth’, Asian Development Review, Vol. 16, No.1, 1-22
Kwon, E. K. (2000) – ‘Infrastructure, Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Indonesia: A Cross-sectional Analysis’, Asian Development Bank, Manila. Processed.
Levy, H. (1996) – ‘Morocco: Impact Evaluation Report – Socioeconomic Influence of Rural Roads: A Study of Rural Roads Financed under the World Bank’s Fourth Highway Project’, (Loan 2254-MOR). World Bank, OED.
Lipton and Ravallion (1995) Lipton, Michael, and Martin Ravallion (2005) – ‘Poverty and Policy’, in Behrman, J., and T. N. Srinivasan (eds) Handbook of Development Economics, Volume 3B, Elsevier Science, North Holland, 2551-2657
Lokshin, M., and R. Yemtsov (2004) – ‘Combining Longitudinal Household and Community Surveys for Evaluation of Social Transfers: Infrastructure Rehabilitation Projects in Rural Georgia’, Journal of Human Development, Vol. 5(2):265-277.
Lokshin, M., and R. Yemtsov (2005) – ‘Has Rural Infrastructure Rehabilitation in Georgia Helped the Poor?, The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 19(2):311-333.
Markandya, A., M. Jayawardne, and R. Sharma (2003) – ‘The Impacts of Infrastructure Investments on Measured Poverty: A Note’, mimeo, World Bank, ECA-ECSIE.
Pouliquen, Louis (2000) – ‘Infrastructure and Poverty’, World Development Report Background Paper 27911, World Bank
Radhakrishna, R. and M. Panda (2006) – ‘Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction: India Case Study’, Study by IGIDR on Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction, IGIDR, Mumbai
Rao, C.H.H., D.B. Gupta and P.S. Sharma (1986) – ‘Infrastructural Development and Rural Poverty in India: A Cross Sectional Analysis’, in J.W. Mellor and G. M. Desai (eds) Agricultural Change and Rural Poverty, OUP.
Ravallion, M., and G. Datt (2001) – ‘Why Has Economic Growth Been More Pro-Poor in Some States of India than Others?’, [http://econ.worldbank.org/programs/poverty/topic/2543/library/doc?id=2715; accessed on 10th January, 2010]
Sawada, Y., M. Shoji, S. Sugawara, and N. Shinkai (2008) – ‘The Role of Infrastructure in Mitigating Poverty Dynamics: The Case of an Irrigation Project in Sri Lanka’, JBICI Discussion Paper No. 16, JBIC Institute, Japan Bank for International Cooperation
Songco, Jocelyn A. (2002) – ‘Do Rural Infrastructure Investments Benefit the Poor?’ World Bank Working Paper No. 2796, World Bank.
Torero, Maximo and Shyamal Chowdhury (2004) – ‘Infrastructure for Africa: Overcoming Barriers to Development’, Brief prepared by IFPRI for the 2020 African Conference, Kampala, Uganda, April 1-3, 2004.
Van de Walle, D. (1996) – ‘Infrastructure and Poverty in Vietnam’, LSMS Working Paper No. 121, The World Bank, Washington, D.C.
World Bank (1990) – ‘World Development Report - 1990’, OUP
World Bank (1994) – ‘World Development Report – 1994’, OUP
World Bank (2000) – ‘World Development Report - 2000’, OUP
Yan, Dong and Fan Hua (2004) – ‘Infrastructure, Growth, and Poverty Reduction in China’, World Bank Working paper No. 30774, World Bank
Yao, X. (2003) – ‘Infrastructure and Poverty Reduction – Making Markets Work for the Poor’, ERD Policy Brief No. 14, Economics and Research Department, Asian Development Bank, Manila.
Zhang, X. and S. Fan (2001) – ‘How Productive is Infrastructure? New Approach and Evidence from Rural India’, EPTD Discussion Paper No. 84, IFPRI, Washington DC