Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The Economics of Water Resource Allocation: Valuation Methods and Policy Implications

Groom, Ben and Koundouri, Phoebe (2011): The Economics of Water Resource Allocation: Valuation Methods and Policy Implications. Published in: Water Resources Allocation: Policy and Socioeconomic Issues in Cyprus (2011)

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In this chapter a ‘watershed economics approach’ that could be applied in Cyprus is proposed which is composed of two important stages. In Stage I economic valuation techniques are used to establish the economic value of the competing demands for surface and groundwater, incorporating where necessary an analysis of water quality. The valuation exercise allows the objective balancing of demands based upon the equi-marginal principle to achieve economic efficiency. In Stage II a policy impact analysis is proposed which addresses issues of social equity and the value of water for environmental/ecological purposes. The analysis is undertaken within the confines of the watershed; the most natural unit for the analysis of water allocation and scarcity since it determines the hydrological links between competing users and thus the impacts of one user upon another. The methodology is encapsulated by a case study of the Kouris watershed in Cyprus.

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