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An Analysis of Core Factors Contributing to U.S – China Trade Imbalance

Ahmed, Khalid and Long, Wei (2012): An Analysis of Core Factors Contributing to U.S – China Trade Imbalance.

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Abstract

This paper aims to highlight the trade imbalance between United States and China based on the analysis of core factors contributing the imbalance. These factors are comprise of trade inequality, exchange rate issue, difference in basic economic structure of both the countries, and methodology of calculating trade figures. This paper also highlights that where both the countries differ in their point of view on their bilateral trade and why? Beyond doubt this imbalance leads the United States to face huge deficit and China to enjoy the giant surplus in mutual trade. Now, how can we adjust the figures and narrow down the differences? The paper is also discussing the other issues which have reasonable implication on U.S -China trade relations. It also enumerates the future consequences on their bilateral trade keeping in view the current scenario. The importance of this paper is further enhanced as the trade imbalance is also counted as one of the factors of the 2008 recession which is not yet fully over because there is very slow recovery in developed countries and relatively faster in developing countries. The analysis is based on the U.S trade data from 2001 to 2010.

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