Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Income inequality and the tax structure: Evidence from developed and developing countries

Adam, Antonis and Kammas, Pantelis and Lapatinas, Athanasios (2013): Income inequality and the tax structure: Evidence from developed and developing countries.

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Abstract

This paper seeks to examine the effect of income inequality on the structure of tax policies. We first use a simplified theoretical framework which allows us to formalize the testable implications of the relevant literature. Subsequently, our analysis indicates that more unequal economies rely heavier on capital relative to labor income taxation. This relationship remains robust across various alternative measures of income inequality and most importantly through alternative political regimes. In addition, our analysis places the spotlight on the potential reverse causality between income inequality and structure of the tax policies and seeks to address it by making use of the most appropriate data and techniques.

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