Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Coal Consumption, Industrial Production and CO2 Emissions in China and India

Shahbaz, Muhammad and Farhani, Sahbi and Ozturk, Ilhan (2013): Coal Consumption, Industrial Production and CO2 Emissions in China and India.

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Abstract

The present study explores the relationship between coal consumption, industrial production and CO2 emissions in case of China and India for the period of 1971-2011. The structural break unit root test and cointegrating approach have been applied. The direction of causal relationship between the variables is investigated by applying the VECM Granger causality test. Our results validate the presence of cointegration among the series in both countries. We also find the existence of inverted U-shaped curve between industrial production and CO2 emissions for India but for China it is U-shaped relationship. Coal consumption adds in CO2 emission. The causality analysis reveals that industrial production and coal consumption Granger cause CO2 emission in India. In case of China, the feedback effect exists between coal consumption and CO2 emissions.

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