Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Present and future of biofuels production for sustainability

Mohajan, Haradhan (2012): Present and future of biofuels production for sustainability. Published in: International Journal of Economics and Research , Vol. 3, No. 3 (14 June 2012): pp. 12-23.


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This paper provides policy relevant information on the assessment of the environmental and social costs, benefits, the critical developments and the options for a more sustainable use of biomass and measures to increase resource productivity of biofuels. In the 21st century biofuels are considered as economically efficient, socially equitable, and environmentally safe substitute of gasoline. The USA and Brazil produce major portion of the global biofuels. The expansion of biofuels conflicts arise around the food vs. fuel debate and the desirability, feasibility and sustainability of biofuels. At present more than two billion people in the world are suffering from hunger and more are suffering from nutritional deficits. If the production of biofuels be increased continually, more than half of the people of the world will starve around 2020 and most of them will suffer in poorer nations. The paper stresses not to violate human rights in producing biofules.

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