Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The economic, environmental and public health impacts of new power plants: a sequential interindustry model integrated with GIS data

Avelino, André Fernandes Tomon and Hewings, Geoffrey J.D. and Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins (2010): The economic, environmental and public health impacts of new power plants: a sequential interindustry model integrated with GIS data.

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Abstract

The electrical sector is responsible for a considerable amount of greenhouse gases emissions worldwide, but also the one in which modern society depends the most for maintenance of quality of life as well as the functioning of economic and social activities. Invariably, even CO2 emission-free power plants have some indirect environmental impacts due to the economic effects they produce during their life cycle (construction, O&M and decommissioning). Thus, sustainability issues should be always considered in energy planning, by evaluating the balance of positive/negative externalities on different areas of the country. This study aims to introduce a social-environmental economic model, based on a Regional Sequential Interindustry Model (SIM) integrated with geoprocessing data, in order to identify economic, pollution and public health impacts in state level for energy planning analysis. The model is based on the Impact Pathway Approach Methodology, using geoprocessing to locate social-environmental variables for dispersion and health evaluations. The final goal is to provide an auxiliary tool for policy makers to assess energy planning scenarios in Brazil.

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