Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Industrial Development, Polarisation, and Fiscal Policy in an Underemployment Economy

Nakajima, Tetsuya (2013): Industrial Development, Polarisation, and Fiscal Policy in an Underemployment Economy.

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Abstract

Industrial development is often accompanied by massive migration from agricultural to industrial areas. This paper compares two steady states, the first and the second, which emerge before and after the termination of such migration, respectively. The paper shows that 1) the employment rate must be lower in the second steady state, and that 2) while every household increases individual assets in the first steady state, households may polarise into the poor and the rich in the second steady state. By examining the effects of fiscal policy, the paper also shows that the balanced budget multiplier exceeds unity, and accordingly, fiscal policy raises households’ disposable income and consumption.

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