Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Do Financial Flows raise or reduce Economic growth Volatility? Some Lessons from Moroccan case

Bouoiyour, Jamal and Miftah, Amal and Selmi, Refk (2014): Do Financial Flows raise or reduce Economic growth Volatility? Some Lessons from Moroccan case.

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Abstract

The purpose of the paper is twofold. Firstly, it attempts to analyze accurately the volatility of economic growth and financial flows (i.e. remittances and FDI) in the case of Morocco. Secondly, it tries to address the possible effects of these financial flows on the economic growth. We provide evidence that remittances are less volatile than FDI in terms of duration of persistence, intensity of shock and the “volatility clustering”. Furthermore, remittances can smooth the volatility of growth, while FDI flows sustain and aggravate it. Altruistic foundations, counter-cyclicality and concentration of remittances in Europe have been advanced as elements of explanation of these outcomes. Similarly, foreign investors seeking only profits have a pro-cyclical behavior and are greatly sensitive to economic conditions in the country of origin.

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