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ICT and R&D as inputs or efficiency determinants? Analysing the manufacturing Italian firms over the 2007-2009

Bonanno, Graziella (2014): ICT and R&D as inputs or efficiency determinants? Analysing the manufacturing Italian firms over the 2007-2009.

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Abstract

Are Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Research & Development (R&D) inputs or efficiency determinants? This is the topic of the paper which is developed by analysing a sample of 2691 Italian manufacturing firms over the period 2007-2009. The empirical setting is based on a production function estimated through the Stochastic Frontier (SF) approach. ICT and R&D are used once as inputs, once as efficiency determinants (Coelli et al., 1999). Results show that the rates of return of ICT and R&D investments are high (0.08 for ICT and 0.04 for R&D) when they enter into the model only as inputs. We also documented that ICT and R&D contribute positively to explain the efficiency scores.

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