van der Hoek, M. Peter (1998): From Nation to State: A Difficult Process. Published in: Public Administration and Management: An Interactive Journal , Vol. 3, No. 4 (1998): pp. 1-13.
Download (160kB) | Preview
In the early 1990s, Europe changed considerably in a short space of time. In Central and Eastern Europe Communism collapsed, while in Western Europe the European Union was changing more gradually. It was broadened by the accession of more and more member states and by the growing number of associated countries. Although deepening proves to be a more difficult process, the move to Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) may be instrumental in fostering further integration. The criteria for admission to EMU are nonsensical from the economic perspective, but they do make sense from the public administration perspective.
So far, European integration has mainly been economic in nature. Integration that goes beyond economics is far more difficult and will require much more time and effort to be achieved. Although European nations are jerkily moving toward the status of states, they still have a long way to go. The position of European states will remain to be different from that of the United States of America. A European federation if it ever comes into existence will be relatively loose because of the large cultural, economic, and social differences between European states.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||From Nation to State: A Difficult Process|
|Keywords:||Central and Eastern Europe, Economic and Monetary Union, European integration|
|Subjects:||H - Public Economics > H8 - Miscellaneous Issues
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade
|Depositing User:||M. Peter van der Hoek|
|Date Deposited:||30 Nov 2007 17:06|
|Last Modified:||24 Feb 2016 05:17|
Buiter, Willem, Giancarlo Corsetti and Nouriel Roubini (1993). "Excessive deficits: sense and nonsense in the Treaty of Maastricht." Economic Policy 16 (April): 58-100.
Central Planningbureau (1995). Macro Economische Verkenning 1996. The Hague: SDU Uitgeverij.
Central Planningbureau (1997). Macro Economische Verkenning 1998. The Hague: SDU Uitgevers.
Cole, G.D.H. (1960). Introduction to Economic History 1750-1950. London: MacMillan & Co Ltd.
Dornbusch, Rudi (1996). "Euro Fantasies." Foreign Affairs 75 (September/October): 110-124.
European Commission (1997). Agenda 2000. The Effects on the Union's Policies of Enlargement to the Applicant Countries of Central and Eastern Europe (Impact Study). Brussels: http://europa.eu.int/comm/dg1a/agenda2000.
Lodge, Juliet (1995). "Democratic Legitimacy and the EC: Crossing the Rubicon." International Journal of Public Administration, 18 (October): 1595-1637.
McKinnon, Ronald I. (1997). "EMU as a Device for Collective Fiscal Retrenchment." The American Economic Review 87 (May): 227-229.
Swann, Dennis (1996). European Economic Integration. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Yeager, Leland B. (1966). International Monetary Relations: Theory, History, and Policy. New York: Harper & Row.