De, Utpal Kumar and Das, Manjit (2007): Ericulture as a Remedy of Rural Poverty in Assam: A Micro Level Study in Barpeta District.
Download (776kB) | Preview
Ericulture i.e., rearing of eri cocoon and spinning as well as weaving of endi clothes has been an integral part of the rural economic activities especially of the rural women in Assam. Though both male and female folk of all sections of rural population have been engaged in different sericulture activities, tribal women have been predominant in the rearing and weaving of eri raw silk and endi textiles, who in addition to their daily household activities use their leisure time and with the help of their traditionally inherited knowledge produce useful but comparatively cheaper endi clothes. The activities not only help to increase their household income but also help many of them to come out of the acute poverty. Moreover, these women become economically and thus socially more empowered. An attempt is made in this paper to throw some light on the role of ericulture and endi-entrepreneurship in the generation of income, employment and removal of poverty in Assam.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Ericulture as a Remedy of Rural Poverty in Assam: A Micro Level Study in Barpeta District|
|Keywords:||Ericulture, Poverty eradication, Rural entrepreneurship|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics
|Depositing User:||Utpal Kumar De|
|Date Deposited:||14. Dec 2007 19:24|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 20:03|
Benchamin, K. V. and Jolly, M. S. (1987), “Employment and Income Generation in the Rural Areas through Sericulture”, Indian Silk, June, P-9. Chowdhury, S. N. (1982), Eri Silk Industry, Directorate of Sericulture and Weaving, Government of Assam, Guwahati, Pp. 64-65. Chowdhury, S. N. (1984), “Sericulture in Assam Past, Present and Future”, Unpublished paper presented in the seminar on “Sericulture and Handloom Industries”, organised by Directorate of Sericulture, Government of Assam, P-3. Das, D. C. (2002), A Study of Muga Culture with Reference to Income and Employment Generation; Unpublished Ph. D. thesis submitted at Gauhati University, P-42. Das, M. (2006), “Empowerment of Women through Ericulture: A case study in Sarukhetry Community Development Block” paper presented in the National Seminar on “Rural Development Through Women’s Empowerment With Special Reference to The North-East”, sponsored by University Grant Commission and organised by B. H. College, Barpeta on 10-11 February, 2006. De, U.K. (2006), “population, Poverty and the Problem of Natural Resource Management” paper presented in the International Conference on Human and Economic Resources held in Izmir University of Economics, Turkey on 24-25 May, 2006. Also published in the conference proceedings, Pp. 88-103. De, U.K. and M. Das (2007), “Village Based Informal Ericulture and Endi-textiles in Assam: An Economic Inquiry” forthcoming in ICFAI Journal of Entrepreneurship Development. Directorate of Sericulture and Weaving, Government of Assam, (1980), A Report on Sericulture and Handloom in Assam, Table-II, P-3. Dookia, B. R. (1984), Studies on Ericulture for exploitation as a Cottage Industry, Unpublished Ph. D thesis submitted at the University of Jodhpur, Jodhpur, Rajasthan. Dutta, P. C. (1983), Economics of Silk Production in Assam, Agro-Economic Research Centre and Assam Agriculture University, Jorhat, Assam, P-13. Dutta, P. C. (1988), Problems and Prospects of Silk Production in Assam with Special Reference to Sibsagar district, Unpublished Ph. D. thesis submitted at Dibrugarh University, P-41. Gogai, B. and Goswami, B. C. (1998), “Studies on Certain Aspects of Eri Silkworm (Philosamia Cynthia Drury) with Special Reference to its Rearing Performance”, Sericologia, Vol. 38, No. 3, P-463. Government of Assam, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Statistical Handbook, various issues. Government of India, Directorate of Census operation, Census of India, 2001. Kariyappa, Umesha, M. and Somashekar, T. H. (2003), “CSTRI Motorised-Cum-Pedal Operated Spinning Machine”, Indian Silk, May, P-38. Mali, D. D. (1982), “The Handloom Industry and Employment Generation”, Sericulture and Handloom Industries in Assam, Pp.76-77. Planning Commission, Government of India (2002), National Human Development Report 2001. Ratnala, G. R., Mallikarjuna, B. and Datta, R. K. (1990-92), “Human Labour Employment in Sericulture- an empirical study in Andhra Pradesh”, Indian Journal of Sericulture, Vol. 34, No. 2, P-92.