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Product-embodied diffusion of innovations in Poland: R&D multiplier analysis

Gurgul, Henryk (2007): Product-embodied diffusion of innovations in Poland: R&D multiplier analysis. Published in: Managerial Economics , Vol. 1, No. 1 (2007): pp. 101-120.

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This paper is devoted to an investigation of the innovation process in the Polish economy over the last few years. In doing so, the concept of backward and forward R&D multipliers is employed which, despite some current doubt and ambiguity, still seems to be a powerful tool for examining where innovation is generated and how it spreads throughout the economy. Based on the most recent input-output tables available for Poland it turns out, for example, that industries which can be called “high-tech” are accompanied by larger backward R&D multipliers, whereas lower multipliers are more typical for “low-tech” industries. In addition, to the total R&D multipliers, induced multipliers were computed which adjust the former for intra-industry effects.

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