Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Analysis of the relationship between economic growth and environmental pollution in Iran (evidence from three sections of land, water and atmosphere)

Mohamad Taghvaee, Vahid and Khodaparast Shirazi, Jalil (2014): Analysis of the relationship between economic growth and environmental pollution in Iran (evidence from three sections of land, water and atmosphere). Published in:

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Abstract

Never in the history of concerns about environmental pollution caused by economic growth is not as much today. Economically, the country where production is mainly based on the polluting industries of oil, gas and petrochemical projects those are not exempt from this. Environment of a desert country with a different climate, the sea and the forest, which can be affected by the polluting industry so both economically and environmentally suitable case for examining the relationship between economic growth and environmental pollution in parts of atmosphere, water and land. The amount of carbon dioxide emissions per capita, biochemical oxygen demand per capita, per capita and GDP per capita deforestation, respectively, as indicators of pollution, atmosphere, water, land and economic growth were considered. In this study, an inverted U-shaped environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis is about the ordinary least squares method having been tested. The results indicate that the N inverse relationship (И) exists between economic growth and pollution of the atmosphere and water in addition to confirming the Kuznets inverted U, the other part of this equation is also introduced. But the ground upside down U-shaped relationship is obtained which confirms the Kuznets hypothesis. So when the economy is up or down enough measures to mitigate the effects of the oil, gas and petrochemical pollution of the atmosphere, water and land should be considered.

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