Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The process of structural changes in Iberian Peninsula agriculture

Piecuch, Jakub and Niewiadomski, Michał (2016): The process of structural changes in Iberian Peninsula agriculture. Published in: Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra (2016): pp. 62-67.

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Portuguese and Spanish integration with the EU was a constructive step on the road to modern, well-developed economy. Last 30 years can be described as a success in changing structure of agriculture, but primary sector is still a crucial one in mention above countries and it’s modernization seems to be a top priority for them. Especially in time of the current Global Financial Crisis. Poland and other member states from Central and Eastern Europe can learn much from the case of Spain and Portugal because their situation today is comparable to these countries situation 30 years ago. Similarly, Poland and it’s neighbours has a huge amount of unsolved problems in primary sector and try to solve them with community structural aid. Large part of lands located in studied area is characterized by a low level of development and dependence of production in the first sector. The rapid pace of growth limits a traditional employment structure in which agriculture plays a very important role. The results of investigation are presenting that last thirty years have brought positive changes manifested in evolution of employment and participation structure in Mediterranean countries. In spite of substantial dynamics of positive changes and the three decades passage during integration of the countries analysed, the situation is still complicated. The low level of economic development, structural problems, dramatic situation of public finances and the labour market, resulting from the global financial crisis, cause that those countries, without the help of EU would face on edge of a precipice.

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