Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Politica industriale e tecnologia in Italia

Lucchese, Matteo and Nascia, Leopoldo and Pianta, Mario (2017): Politica industriale e tecnologia in Italia.

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Abstract

Italian Abstract

La crisi iniziata nel 2008 ha accelerato il declino dell’industria italiana. Gli strumenti di politica industriale introdotti negli ultimi anni non sono stati in grado finora di sostenere una ripresa della produzione e degli investimenti e di ridurre il gap tecnologico dell’Italia rispetto al resto d’Europa. Una ripresa del sistema produttivo è possibile solo con l’attuazione di un più ambizioso piano di politica industriale in Italia e in Europa.

English Abstract

After the crisis started in 2008 Italy’s industry has lost close to one quarter of its industrial production. The possibility for the country to reconstruct its production capacity largely depends on whether a new industrial policy is developed. The article documents the decline of Italy’s industry and technology and the impact of the crisis. The demise of traditional industrial policy in Italy and Europe in the last two decades is examined, assessing the consequences of the retreat of public action in this field and the evolution of the current debate. A detailed analysis of the current tools used in Italy’s industrial and innovation policy is carried out, showing its ‘horizontal’ approach, limited resources, fragmented measures, modest impact. Current initiatives appear unable to support a revival of production and domestic private investment, close Italy’s gap in R&D and innovation and upgrade its technological activities. In conclusion, a proposal for a new industrial policy combining Italian and European initiatives is summarised.

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