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Evaluation of the Technical Efficiency of Export: Data Envelopment Analysis Approach

Movahedi, Mohammad (2013): Evaluation of the Technical Efficiency of Export: Data Envelopment Analysis Approach.

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Abstract

Export performance in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is a source of regional development. It also enables enterprises to enhance their competitiveness and to support in long term their sustainability. In light of its importance, the export performance has long been a central topic in the literature in international marketing. However, this concept reveals several limitations about its definition or its measurement, in particular the technical efficiency aspect. This paper contributes to provide a new approach on the evaluation of the export technique. In our context, an enterprise is regarded as technically efficient in the export if it processes its various resources and capacities in optimal manner into better export results. In this investigation, we use a non parametric approach that is the data envelopment analysis (DEA) model. Indeed, this method allows to separate the efficient to the inefficient techniques in the export domain by aggregating multiple inputs with multiple outputs.

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