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Does the Type of Neighbor Matter? Heterogeneous Export Spillovers on Domestic Companies in Mexico

Cardoso-Vargas, Carlos-Enrique (2017): Does the Type of Neighbor Matter? Heterogeneous Export Spillovers on Domestic Companies in Mexico. Published in: Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México , Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017): pp. 39-60.

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Abstract

This document examines whether the probability of entering new external markets or the increase in export products on the part of Mexican firms are related to the proximity of diverse multinational firms exporting under different trade regimes. The evaluation was made using a panel based on data from Mexican Customs and from a sampling of national firms from 2003-2010. The results show that export spillovers are far from homogeneous in their effects on Mexican firms, since their existence is related to the export activity of neighboring foreign firms. Moreover, such spillovers are more likely to appear in places where neighboring national and foreign firms have not only common trade regimes, but also common technological level of production.

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