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Intra-generational and intergenerational mobility in Vietnam

Nguyen, Cuong and Nguyen, Lam (2017): Intra-generational and intergenerational mobility in Vietnam.

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Abstract

This study examines intra-generational and intergenerational mobility of employment and income in Vietnam during the 2004-2008 and 2010-2014 periods. It finds rather high mobility across income quintiles. There was high mobility of individuals by occupational skills but less mobility by employment status and sectors. The upward mobility of occupation increased over time because of the increase in skilled occupation. The intergenerational elasticity of earnings for parents and children is estimated at around 0.36. The intergenerational elasticity is very similar for 2004 and 2014. Education plays an important role in improving the intergenerational mobility. The intergenerational elasticity for children without education degrees and those with post-secondary degrees is 0.51 and 0.17, respectively. With post-secondary degree, 80% of people whose parents are unskilled have skilled or non-manual occupation.

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