Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Environmental and Financial Performance. Is there a win-win or a win-loss situation? Evidence from the Greek manufacturing

Kounetas, Kostas and Alexopoulos, Elias and Tzelepis, Dimitris (2016): Environmental and Financial Performance. Is there a win-win or a win-loss situation? Evidence from the Greek manufacturing.

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Abstract

This study examines the causal linkage between environmental and financial performance in Greek manufacturing firms. Environmental performance is measured according to accounting data following the Eco Management and Auditing Scheme guidelines and ISO certification. Return on assets and return on sales are used as indicators of financial performance. Empirical findings suggest that there seems to be a link between these dimensions irrespectively of the particular sector of activity. Contrary to similar studies a “virtuous circle” does not exist as the avoidance of environmental improving investments is related to a better financial performance. On the other hand firms with superior financial performance seem to achieve a better environmental performance. At the same time firm specific and market characteristics significantly affect this relationship. These findings provide evidence that governmental and corporate actions are necessary in order to lead to a more sustainable corporate performance in the long run

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