Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The Ageing Trend and Related Socio-Economic Issues in Vietnam

Nguyen, Cuong (2016): The Ageing Trend and Related Socio-Economic Issues in Vietnam.

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Abstract

The aging index of Viet Nam's population increased during the past 35 years. In 2014, the aging index was 43.8% for the population from 60 years and older and 30.3% for the population aged 65 and older. In addition, there is a growing trend of elderly people living alone in Viet Nam. In 2014 rural areas had a higher ratio of single elderly people than in urban areas. Women were more likely to live alone than men, and the rate of single elderly people living alone was lower among people who graduated from college or university. Up to 32.4% of the elderly aged 80 years or older in the group of low living conditions were living alone in 2014. This proportion in the group of elderly aged 80 years or older with high living conditions was only 3.1%. Thus there was a large difference in the proportion of elderly people living alone in urban and rural areas and in households with different economic conditions.

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