Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Foreign Capital Investment and Economic Crises in Turkey

Öztürk, Mustafa and Aras, Osman Nuri (2011): Foreign Capital Investment and Economic Crises in Turkey. Published in: International Journal of Social Sciencesand Humanity Studies , Vol. 1, No. 3 (2011): pp. 323-335.

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Abstract

1970’s financial liberalization has been followed by the liberalization of commercial markets in the process of globalization. Liberalization of financial markets has caused the acceleration of capital flows and the increase of their volume. Capital that flows to developing countries suffering from saving gaps has positive effects on the economies when they entered into these countries and lead to destabilizations on their economies when they went out. The influences of capital flows, especially the ones of speculative capital, have been observed in the financial crises erupted in international level since the 1990s. By performing the financial liberalization, Turkey has tried to resolve the capital gap problem with the entrance of foreign capital since 1989. Unfortunately, by increasing its vulnerabilities, liberalization caused Turkish economy, which has macroeconomic weaknesses; to become open to destabilizing effects of capital flows and global financial crises. The aim of this study is to determine the effects of capital flows on Turkish Economy.

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