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Financial development and the oil curse: Evidence from Algeria

elias elhannani, farah and boussalem, abou bakr and Benbouziane, Mohamed (2016): Financial development and the oil curse: Evidence from Algeria. Published in: Topics in Middle Eastern and African Economies , Vol. Vol. 1, No. Issue No. 1, May 2016 (May 2016): pp. 112-125.


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Most of the empirical evidence has shown that the majority of oil dependent countries have the low level of financial development; thus, they are much more volatile and exposed to the oil shocks and the so named “oil curse”. This paper aims to investigate the impact of the Algerian financial system—as one of major oil economies—on the economic growth and escaping the oil curse. Over the past two decades, Algeria has courageously attempted to modernize its financial system despite social strife and challenges posed by the large hydrocarbon sector and an inefficient public sector. In fact, various reforms have been undertaken since the early 1990s to the transition from planned to an open market economy. So, the first section provides the research background based on a theoretical model and a set of empirical studies about financial development and the oil curse. An analytical framework of the Algerian financial system evolution is provided in the second section, focusing on the two phases: 1990-1999 and 2000-2011. Finally, using an econometric growth regression model to test the impact of financial development in Algeria over the period 1980-2014, the preliminary results show that the financial development enhanced economic growth but it has not contributed in reducing the negative effect of oil rents.

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