Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Fiscal Policy, the Real Exchange Rate, and Commodity Prices

Reinhart, Carmen (1991): Fiscal Policy, the Real Exchange Rate, and Commodity Prices. Published in: IMF Staff Papers , Vol. 38, No. 3 (September 1991): pp. 506-524.


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The role of the international commodity market in transmzttmg disturbances is considered in a model that incorporates commodities as an input in production. The analysis employs a three-country framework: a liquidity-constrained commodity supplier and two industrial countries that import the commodity, export differentiated manufactured goods, and hold the outstanding debt of the commodity exporter. In this setting the impact of changes infiscal policy, commodity supplies, and the real interest rate are assessed. Particular attention is paid to the responses of the real exchange rate, commodity prices, and the international distribution of debt to the various shocks.

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