Simerský, Mojmír (2018): Zerocoupon yields estimated by zerodegree splines.

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Abstract
The paper addresses the problem of zerocoupon yield curve (YC) estimation from a portfolio of couponbearing instruments, primarily coupon bonds. A fast and stable iterative procedure is proposed and implemented. The optimization problem is formulated in a matrix form, the principal cashflow matrix having the dimension given by the number of instruments (bonds) and the number of knots on the time axis. The number of instruments is arbitrary, as well as the number of time knots. In our concept of “equivalent cashflows”, each future cashflow at a time t is replaced by two cashflows, one at the left, the other at the right knot respective to the time t. We solve then a simplified problem of estimating the YC from a portfolio of instruments whose future cashflows occur only at predefined times. The method allows for further additional constraints, e.g., an ultimate forward rate fixing or predefined discount factor at some time. We touch also on the asymptotic case of a very dense partitioning of the time axis. The optimization is carried out in the space of forward rate functions of the simplest form – zerodegree splines, i.e., piecewise constant functions. Our approach is thus a generalization of the bootstrap method with no requirements on the bond maturity ladder and, at the same time, with optional smoothing. This work relates to our previous article ([Sim1]), where the idea of equivalent cashflows was introduced. Czech bond yields estimated by the proposed method can be found in ([Sim2]).
Item Type:  MPRA Paper 

Original Title:  Zerocoupon yields estimated by zerodegree splines 
English Title:  Zerocoupon yields estimated by zerodegree splines 
Language:  English 
Keywords:  yield curve estimation, nonparametric regression, penalized splines, bootstrap, Czech bond market 
Subjects:  E  Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E4  Money and Interest Rates > E43  Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects 
Item ID:  86268 
Depositing User:  Dr. Mojmir Simersky 
Date Deposited:  18 Apr 2018 11:25 
Last Modified:  29 Sep 2019 03:32 
References:  [Bis] BIS Papers, Zerocoupon yield curves: technical documentation, Monetary and Economic Department, No 25. (2005) [Ecb] ECB Statistics Papers, No.27: Yield curve modelling, Per NymandAndersen (2018) [Mts] https://www.mtsdata.com/content/data/public/cze/fixing/index.php [Sim1] Simersky, M., A nonparametric zerocoupon yield curve (2016), www.zyc.cz [Sim2] Simersky, M., Czech Government Bond yields under FX pressure (to appear) [Tan] Tanggaard, C., Nonparametric Smoothing of Yield Curves, Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, No. 9 (1997), pp. 251267. [Wag] Waggoner D.F., Spline Methods for Extracting Interest Rate Curves from Coupon Bond Prices, "Working Paper", No. 9710, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Atlanta, (1997) 
URI:  https://mpra.ub.unimuenchen.de/id/eprint/86268 