Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Budidaya Tanaman Kelapa (Cocos nucifera) Ditinjau Dari Segi Ekonomi

Resminiasari, Nurfitri and Rahmat, Shintia and Imbarwati, Sisca (2018): Budidaya Tanaman Kelapa (Cocos nucifera) Ditinjau Dari Segi Ekonomi.

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Abstract

Coconut plants (Cocos nucifera L.) are one of the commodities that have high economic value if managed properly. Indonesia itself is a coconut producing country, because as a multipurpose plant that has given life to farmers in Indonesia, this is evidenced by the level of mastery of coconut plants in Indonesia, which is 98% is smallholder plantations. The development of world average coconut production during the 1999-2004 period reached 52.5 thousand tons / year. Of all the producing countries in the world, Indonesia is the largest producer country, with an average production of 15.6 thousand tons / year, the Philippines ranks second at 13.5 thousand tons / year. The main reason for making coconut a commercial commodity is that all parts of coconut can be used for various purposes and have social, cultural and economic roles in the lives of Indonesian people. Coconut products that are quite potential to be traded on the international market are copra, copra cake, shell charcoal Crude coconut Oil. Coconut oil is the most valuable downstream product of coconut fruit and is widely used as an industrial raw material or as cooking oil. Domestic and export coconut oil needs continue to increase from year to year, this shows that coconut has an important role in economic development and sources of foreign exchange. Based on the analysis of cultivation, it can be seen that the investment is large and can be profitable only in less than six years, not including other benefits obtained other than fruit. Therefore, coconut cultivation is one of the most profitable alternatives.

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