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Technical Efficiency in the use of health care services in Punjab, Pakistan

Israr, Israr Hussain and Majid, Majid Ali Rana (2017): Technical Efficiency in the use of health care services in Punjab, Pakistan.

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Abstract

The problem of scarcity of resources is the main issue in economics. That is why, the economist put stress on the efficient utilization of resources. These studies concoct to evaluate health meticulous technical efficiency of the utilization of resources in Punjab, Pakistan by using Data Envelop Analysis. Infant mortality and maternal mortality used as outputs of the model and per capita health expenditure, number of doctors, number of beds, maternal and child center, BHU, RHU, birth attended by skilled worker were used as inputs. The outcomes proposed that merely 43 % of districts found proficient and 57% of districts used their resources inefficiently. In case of sensitivity analysis, 69% of total districts were found efficient technically and they used the resources optimally. While due to the excess resources 31% of the districts were found inefficient. Deprived area should be given the priority and in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) resources should be allocated efficiently.

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