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With Whom You Compare Yourself – Relationship of Social Comparison & Employee Work Outcomes - Leader Member Exchange (LMX) as Mediator

Anwar, Naveed and Ahmed Bhutto, Niaz and Hameed, Irfan and Zaman Quershi, Badar (2016): With Whom You Compare Yourself – Relationship of Social Comparison & Employee Work Outcomes - Leader Member Exchange (LMX) as Mediator. Published in: Journal of Business Studies , Vol. 12, No. 2 (2016): pp. 55-67.

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Abstract

Purpose: This research contributes further into investigating the impact of Social Comparison (i.e. Negative Social Comparison (NSC) and Positive Social Comparison (PSC) and work attitudes (i.e. Overall Job Satisfaction- OJS and Affective Commitment – AC using Leader Member Exchange (LMX) as a potential mediator among the relationship of Social Comparison and work attitudes. Design / Methodology / Approach: This research is causal, descriptive and cross sectional in nature. Following positivist research paradigm data was collected from 232 employees of First tier commercial banks using a self-administrative survey. Factor Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis, ANOVA, Pearson Correlation and Descriptive statistics were used to test the hypothesis of the study and provide conclusion about hypothesis. The mediation effects of Leader member exchange was also tested using the steps of Baron and Kenny (1986). Findings: The results exhibited that the Positive Social Comparison has positive association with Affective Commitment (AC) and overall job satisfaction (OJS). Further, NSC relationship was negatively significant with Affective Commitment and also it was found to have a significant negative relationship with Overall Job Satisfaction. LMX, Leader Member Exchange mediates the relationship among Social Comparison Negative and Positive Social Comparison. Originality/Value: These significant results have shown the importance of quality of Leader Member Exchange and its impact in yielding the positive organizational outcomes. As long as the managers pay a good attention towards the quality of relationship among them and their workers, the chances are that any type of comparison (Negative or Positive) will have less chance to affect the organizational outcomes, such as affective commitment and overall job satisfaction. These results are vital for HR practitioners and will assist in designing quality HPWPs in organizations.

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