Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Deficit financing in developing countries: Applications and consequences

Hasan, Zubair (2019): Deficit financing in developing countries: Applications and consequences. Published in: Journal of Islamic Banking and Finance Karachi , Vol. 36, No. Jan-Mar 2019 No. 1 (2019): pp. 9-21.

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Budgetary deficits and adverse external payments have emerged as major public policy concerns in recent times. The purpose of this paper is to discuss briefly various aspects and forms of deficit financing as modern economies increasingly use it to address these concerns. Historical evidence shows that controlled deficit finance can be a useful tool to mobilize physical resources for economic development. Borrowings from the IMF are available to meet deficits during financial turmoil and chronic balance of payments deficits for country bailout. The paper warns of the dangers of reckless indulgence in deficit financing, internal or external - and indicates precautions to avoid the pitfalls. It puts, presumably for the first time deficit finance for various purposes from different sources in a single framework.

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