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What matters for the quality of education in South Asia: An empirical examination with a QEI

Faruk, Avinno (2019): What matters for the quality of education in South Asia: An empirical examination with a QEI.

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Abstract

Globally, there has been a significant focus regarding the educational attainment up until now, yet when we move our concentration towards educational quality, we see quite the contrary. The perceptible dearth of existing literature, particularly on developing nations and South Asia, leads us to attempt to investigate this South Asian void in the education sector. With the assistance of data from World Bank and Penn World Table, this paper endeavours to construct a Quality of Education Index (QEI) for 139 countries for 25 years and discover the determinants affecting quality. In this regard, the paper has employed OLS, Random-effects GLS and Fixed-effects techniques to identify the dominant factors in a panel regression over 16 years, and has found public expenditure on education and infrastructural quality as two key driving forces for quality, while other factors, such as control of corruption, likewise have a part to play. In addition to providing a descriptive comparison between South Asia and Southeast Asia based on the QEI, policy prescriptions and potential avenues for further widening the scope of the QEI in the future are also mentioned.

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