Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Commuting between rural and urban areas: evidence from India

Sharma, Ajay (2019): Commuting between rural and urban areas: evidence from India. Published in: Built Environment

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This paper is an attempt to extend the dialogue on the nature of commuting between rural and urban areas and its implications for labour market outcomes in rural and urban India. We show that over the period 2004–2005 to 2011–2012, the magnitude of commuting workers has not changed but the composition has changed with reduction in rural no fixed place workers and increase in urban-no fixed place workers. We further highlight that rural–urban commuting can be considered mobility for better opportunities on account of diversification of livelihood strategy and underemployment in rural areas.

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