Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Bangladeshi migration to Italy: an analysis of motivational factors and process

Kazi Abdul, Mannan (2017): Bangladeshi migration to Italy: an analysis of motivational factors and process. Published in: International Journal of Migration and Development , Vol. 3, No. 2 (31 December 2017): pp. 32-43.


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This study examines and analyses of motivational factors and migration process based on primary survey conducts on 100 Bangladeshi rural households who have been at least one family member in Italy. Firstly, Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) method and finally factor analysis were used for data analysis. The study reveals unemployment is the main push factor for migration followed by lack of versatility of working sector in the destination and higher income opportunity is the main pull factor for migration followed by better job opportunity in the destination. It is also observed from the 20 push-pull factor that the different factor are divided into eight components matrix with the help of Principle Component Analysis (PCA) matrix which are despondency, ambition, expectation, resource, network, opportunity, return and Peer. This paper suggests that the similar type of study may be conducted by incorporating other more contextual and realistic independent variables to predict the livelihood of the migrants. Finally, this paper has concluded with some policy recommendations.

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