Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Economic growth, military spending and environmental degradation in Africa.

Noubissi Domguia, Edmond and Poumie, Boker (2019): Economic growth, military spending and environmental degradation in Africa.

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Abstract

This work aims firstly to determine the contribution of military spending to environmental degradation in Africa. In a second step, he looks for the transmission mechanism of such an impact. To do this, we used the estimation methods of GMMs in the system and structural VARs. The study showed a positive and significant impact of military spending on indicators of the selected environment (carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane). Thus, military spending contributes to environmental degradation in Africa despite the fact that no country in Africa is a producer of weapons. Controlling military spending is therefore a major challenge for the protection of the environment in Africa. In addition, economic growth plays an important role in the transmission of military expenditure shocks.

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