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Socioeconomic impact of rural urban migration: A revisit of slum dwellers in northern region of Bangladesh

Khandaker Mursheda, Farhanan and Kazi Abdul, Mannan (2019): Socioeconomic impact of rural urban migration: A revisit of slum dwellers in northern region of Bangladesh. Published in: International Journal of Migration Research and Development , Vol. 5, No. 3 (2019): pp. 41-57.

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Abstract

This paper examines the socioeconomic impacts of regional rural urban migration of marginal segment in Rajshahi city corporation slum areas in Bangladesh. Key objective of this article is to examine the results of the first phase, i.e, the findings of the 2003-04 survey, compare with the recent outcomes, whether or not there is any change in the interval of time, and to see the significance level of each variable. For this purpose, primary survey data were collected of 300 randomly selected respondents by using semi-structured questionnaire in slum areas. To analyse the data, the econometric model is developed to observe the association between dependent and the exploratory socioeconomic impacts variables. Statistically advance technique by establishing a backward elimination regression process to analyse the cross-sectional survey data. Therefore, in the long regression model indicate twelve variables are significant while short regression delve out only ten extremely significant variables that are in the place of destination: economic conditions, increasing savings, poverty level increase, cultural adjustment problem and children educational opportunity; and at the origin: investment in housing development, investment in land purchase, help to relative by providing job, participating social activities and loan repayment. The duration of almost fifteen years period, there is a periodical change also explores the positive socioeconomic impacts of slum households. Thus this study suggested longitude depth research compare to migrate and non-migrated households at the origin as well as destination to find overall impacts for the both societies.

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