Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Potential of Organic Farming to Mitigate Climate Change and Increase Small Farmers’ Welfare

SIngh Verma, Juhee and Sharma, Pritee (2019): Potential of Organic Farming to Mitigate Climate Change and Increase Small Farmers’ Welfare. Published in: Administrative Development' A Journal of HIPA, Shimla , Vol. 6, No. 2 (13 April 2020): pp. 139-156.

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Abstract

Global climate change will have maximum damaging effect on the vulnerable population living in the global south, mainly the small farmers, traditional forest dwellers and coastal communities. Small farms of less than 1 hectare, estimated to be around 410 millions worldwide, are in areas of high poverty density. Any effort to achieve the “no poverty” goal of SDG and increasing their welfare will require a synergistic effort on part of climate change mitigation and adaptation, achieving sustainable livelihoods and improving health and nutrition indicators of these people. In this context, organic cultivation acquires special importance due to its climate mitigation potential. It balances and corrects nutrient cycles, carbon sequestration and reduces carbon emissions from chemical farming. It’s poverty reduction potential is due to reduction in the input cost for the farmer, better prices in the market, improvement of health as contact with chemical fertilizers and pesticides reduces and nutrient rich food consumption. Organic cultivation acquires special relevance in context of countries like India where a large number of farmers are small and marginal. they currently face adverse market conditions where the input cost of farming is higher than the prices at which the market values their produce. Organic cultivation can reduce this cost and increase the profitability of farming for them. This paper analysis the current literature related to organic farming and its future potential for increasing welfare of Indian farmers most of which are small and marginal.

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