Ozturk, orgul (2006): Minimum Wages, Market Inflexibilities, and Female Employment in Select OECD Countries.
Download (127kB) | Preview
Using international and intertemporal variations in minimum wages, employment protection laws, minimum wage regulations and female work behavior within the OECD, empirical analysis provide evidence that higher minimum wages are associated with lower female labor force participation and employment. This association is more significant in countries with more stringent employment protection laws, lower female tertiary educational enrollment and higher fertility. In addition to the extensive margin analysis, it is shown that minimum wage levels are positively correlated with the ratio of part-time workers. That is, minimum wages are associated with not only lower participation and employment rates among women but also with higher marginalization of female work. This association is stronger in countries with more inflexible labor markets and less active labor market policies. Moreover, existence of a subminimum wage for youths implies further reduction of employment while increasing part-time job incidence for females, when the minimum wage increases.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Minimum Wages, Market Inflexibilities, and Female Employment in Select OECD Countries|
|Keywords:||Labor market regulations, female work, minimum wage, OECD, time series data|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J5 - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining > J58 - Public Policy
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J8 - Labor Standards: National and International > J88 - Public Policy
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J68 - Public Policy
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J20 - General
|Depositing User:||Orgul D. Ozturk|
|Date Deposited:||30. Aug 2008 09:35|
|Last Modified:||02. Mar 2013 05:12|
Acemoglu, Daron and J¨orn-Steffen Pischke(1999) “The Structure of Wages and Investment in General Training” Journal of Political Economy 1999 107:3, pp.539-572
Blanchard, O. and L. Summers (1987), “Hysteresis in Unemployment”, European Economic Review, February-March, pp. 288-295.
Blanchard, O.J(2005), “European Unemployment: The Evalution of Facts and Ideas”, NBER Working Paper #11750
Bernstein,J and J Schmitt, (1998), Making Work Pay: The Impact of the 1996-97 Minimum Wage Increase - Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute
Bertola, G. (1990) “Job Security, Employment and Wages”, European Economic Review, June, pp. 851-886.
Boeri, T. (1999), “Enforcement of Employment Security Regulations, On-the-job Search and Unemployment Duration”, European Economic Review, January, pp. 65-89.
Brown, C., C. Gilroy, and A. Kohen(1982) “The Effect of the Minimum Wage Law on Employment and Unemployment”, Journal of Economic Literature(20) pp. 487-528.
Cahuca, Pierre , and Philippe Michel(1996) “Minimum wage unemployment and growth” European Economic Review Volume 40, Issue 7, August 1996, Pages 1463-1482
Card, D.and A.Krueger(1995), Myth and Measurement: The New Economics of the Minimum Wage, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Cunningham, James(1981) “The Impact of Minimum Wages on Youth Employment, Hours of Work, and School Attendance: Cross-Sectional Evidence from the 1960 and 1970 Censuses.” in The Economics of Legal Minimum Wages, Simon Rottenberg, ed. (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute), pp. 88-123.
Deere, D.,K.Murphy, F.Welch(1995) “Employment and the 1990-1991 Minimum-wage Hike”, American Economic Review pp.232–237.
Dickens, R., S.Machin and A.Manning (1999). “The Effects of Minimum Wages on Employment: Theory and Evidence from Britain,” Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(1), pages 1-22. 20
Dolado, J, F. Kramarz, S. Machin, A.Manning, D. Margolis, and C.Teulings (1996) “The Economic Impact of Minimum Wages in Europe.” Economic Policy, Vol. 23 (October), pp. 319– 70.
Ehrenberg, Ronald G.,and Alan J. Marcus.(1982). “Minimum Wages and Teenagers’ Enrollment-Employment Outcomes.” Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 17, No. 1, Winter, pp. 39-58.
Ellwood, David T.(1982) “Teenage Unemployment: Permanent Scars or Temporary Blemishes?” in The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes, and Consequences, Richard B. Freeman and David A. Wise, eds. (Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press), pp. 349-85
Fraja, G. (de) (1999) “Minimum Wage Legislation, Productivity and Employment”, Economica, 66 (264) 473-88, London.
Gregg P., and A.Manning (1997) “Labour Market Regulation and Unemployment”, in Snower, D. and de la Dehesa, G. (eds.), Unemployment Policy: Government Options for the Labour Market, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 395-424.
Grubb D., and Wells, W. (1993)).“Employment Regulation and Patterns of Work in EC Countries”, OECD Economic Studies, No. 21, Winter, pp. 7-58.
ILO(1992) General Survey of Reports on the Minimum Wage Fixing Machinery, International Labor Conferance 79th Session, Geneva
Kennan, John(1995) “The Elusive Effects of Minimum Wages” Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 33, No. 4 (Dec., 1995), pp. 1950-1965
Laroque, Guy and Bernard Salani´e(2002) “Labour market institutions and employment in France Journal of Applied Econometrics Vol.17 No: 1 pp.25-48
Levine, D.I, and L.D.A. Tyson (1990)), “Participation, Productivity and the Firm’s Environment ”, in Blinder, A. (ed.), Paying for Productivity, Brookings Institution,Washington DC., pp. 183-243.
Manning, Alan (2003), Monopsony in Motion: Imperfect Competition in Labour Markets, Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford (2003)
Meyer, Robert and David Wise, (1983) “The Effects of Minimum Wage on the Employment and Earnings of Youth” Journal of Labor Economics, Vol 1 No 1 (jan 1983), pp 66-100
Neumark, D., W.Wascher,(1995) “Minimum-wage effects on School and Work Transitions of Teenagers”, American Economic Review pp.244–249
Neumark D. and W.Wascher(2004) “Minimum Wages, Labor Market Institutions, and Youth Employment: A Cross-National Analysis” Industrial & Labor Relations Review , Volume 57, Issue 2
Neumark, David and Olena Nizalova(2004) “Minimum Wage Effects in the Longer Run” IZA Discussion Paper No. 1428
Nickell, S.(1997) “Unemployment and Labor Market Rigidities: Europe versus North America”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Summer,pp. 55-74.
Nickell, S. and R. Layard (1998) “Labour Market Institutions and Economic Performance”, CEP Discussion Paper No. 407,September.in Ashenfelter, O. and Card, D. (eds.), Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol. 3, North Holland, Amsterdam.
OECD (1986), Flexibility in the Labour Market: The Current Debate. A Technical Report, Paris.
OECD (1993), Employment Outlook, Paris, July.
OECD (1999),Employment Outlook, Paris, July
Ozturk, O.(2006), “Employment Effects of Minimum Wages in Markets with Fixed Employment Costs”, unpublished manuscript, UW-Madison PhD Thesis.
Rebitzer, J. and L.Taylor (1995), “The Consequences of Minimum Wage Laws: Some New Theoretical Ideas”, Journal of Public Economics, February, pp.245-255
Rocha, Jose Maria and Luisa Fuster(2006) “Why are Fertility Rates and Female Employment Ratios are Positively Correlated across OECD Countries?” International Economic Review Vol. 47, No. 4, November 2006