Husain, M. Jami (2006): A SAM-based Multiplier Model to Track Growth-Poverty-Inequality Nexus in Bangladesh.
Download (461Kb) | Preview
This paper offers a social accounting matrix (SAM) based analysis leading to a better understanding of the way various agents in the real economy interact, the way socio-economic groups make their living, the channels through which demand driven interventions may affect the poor, and the potential growth-poverty-inequality nexus. This is done in two steps. First, the paper reveals the economic structure of Bangladesh with a SAM framework where the macro (national accounts and input-output table) and micro (national surveys) data are juxtaposed under a unified data matrix to portray the meso level interactions of various economic agents, that is production sectors, factors of production, household groups, and other institutions. Subsequently, the SAM is used to develop a multiplier simulation model, which enables tracking and quantifying the nature and extent of the linkages among the demand driven shocks (stimuli), economic growth, income generation, and concomitant poverty and distribution implications from the perspective of different socio-economic groups in Bangladesh.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||A SAM-based Multiplier Model to Track Growth-Poverty-Inequality Nexus in Bangladesh|
|Keywords:||Social Accounting Matrix (SAM); Multiplier Model; Growth-Poverty-Inequality;|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C8 - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs > C82 - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O2 - Development Planning and Policy > O21 - Planning Models; Planning Policy
|Depositing User:||M J Husain|
|Date Deposited:||20. Feb 2009 15:37|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 06:47|
Alarcon, J.V. (2000): Social Accounting Matrix-Based Modelling: Extension to Wellbeing and Environment and Computable General Equilibrium Models (applications using the 1975 and 1980 Ecuador SAMs). Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, The Netherlands.
Alarcon J.V., J.V. Heemst, S. Keuning, de Rujter, R. Vos (1991): The Social Accounting Framework for Development: Concepts, Construction and Applications. Aldershot-Avebury, UK.
BBS (2001): National Accounts Statistics: Gross Domestic Product, 2000-2001. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Dhaka.
BBS (2000): Preliminary Estimates of Gross Domestic Products, 1999-2000 and Final Estimate of Gross Domestic Product, 1998-99. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Dhaka.
Bhattacharya, D., M. Rahman (2000): Bangladesh’s Apparel Sector: Growth Trends and Post MFA Challenges, Center for Policy Dialogue, Dhaka.
Defourny, J., E. Thorbecke (1984): Structural Path Analysis and Multiplier Decomposition within a Social Accounting Matrix Framework. The Economic Journal, Vol. 94 (March), pp. 111-136.
FAO (2003): Trade Reforms and Food Security: Conceptualizing the Linkages. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Fontana, M. (2001): Modelling the Effects of Trade on Women: A Closer Look at Bangladesh. Institute of Development Studies, Working Paper No. 139, Brighton, Sussex.
Foster J., J. Greer, E. Thorbecke (1984), Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures, Econometrica, Vol. 52, No. 3.
Fuentes, R. (2005): Poverty, Pro-Poor Growth and Simulated Inequality Reduction. Human Development Report 2005, Background Paper, United Nations Development Programme.
GOB, IMF (2005): Bangladesh: Unlocking the Potential, National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction. Bangladesh Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, GED, Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh; International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C.
IMF, IDA (2000): Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers – Progress in Implementation. International Monetary Fund and International Development Association, Washington.
IOM (2005): Dynamics of Remittance Utilization in Bangladesh. IOM migration research series, No. 5, International Organization for Migration, Geneva.
King, B.B. (1981): What is a SAM? A Layman’s Guide to Social Accounting Matrices. Staff Working Paper No. 463, the World Bank, Washington D.C.
Loayza, N., C. Raddatz (2005): The Composition of Growth Matters for Poverty Alleviation. The World Bank, Washington D.C.
MoF (2004): Bangladesh Economic Review 2004. Economic Adviser’s Wing, Finance Division, Ministry of Finance, Government of Bangladesh.
Mujeri, M.K., B.H. Khandker (1998): Impact of Macroeconomic Policy Reforms in Bangladesh: A General Equilibrium Framework for Analysis. Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Osmani, S.R. (2004): The Impact of Globalisation on Poverty in Bangladesh. International Labour Office, Geneva and Dhaka.
Osmani, S.R. (1990): Structural Change and Poverty in Bangladesh: The Case of a False Turning point. The Bangladesh Development Studies, September.
Pyatt, G. (2001): An Alternative Approach to Poverty Analysis. Valedictory Address as Professor of Economics of Development, Institute of Social Studies, The Hague.
Pyatt, G., J. Round (1979): Accounting and Fixed Price Multipliers in a Social Accounting Matrix Framework. Economic Journal, Vol. 89, No. 356, pp. 850-873.
Rahman, H.Z., M. Hossain (eds) (1995), Re-thinking Rural Poverty: Bangladesh as a Case Study, The University Press Limited, Dhaka.
Rahman, H.Z. (1993): Methodological and Empirical Issues in Rural Poverty Analysis. Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Rahman, S.H., T. Haque (1988): Poverty and Inequality in the Eighties: An Analysis of Some Recent Evidence. BIDS research Report, No.1, Dhaka.
Ravallion M., B. Sen (1996), When Method Matters: Monitoring Poverty in Bangladesh. Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 761-792.
Robinson, S. (2003): Macro Models and Multipliers: Leontief, Stone, Keynes, and CGE Models. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C.
Robinson, S., A. Cattaneo, M. El-Said (2000): Updating and Estimating a Social Accounting Matrix Using Cross Entropy Methods. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C.
Round, J. (2003): Social Accounting Matrices and SAM-based Multiplier Analysis. In: Bourguignon, F., L. Pereira da Silva and N. Stern (2003): Evaluating the Poverty Impact of Economic Policies: Some Analytical Challenges (mimeo), World Bank, Washington DC, pp. 269-287.
Round, J. (2003a): Social Accounting Matrices and SAM-based Multiplier Analysis. Chapter 14 in Bourguignon F. and L. A. Pereira da Silva (eds): Techniques and Tools for Evaluating the Poverty Impact of Economic Policies. World Bank and Oxford University Press, pp. 301-324.
Sen, B., M. K. Mujeri, Q. Shahabuddin (2004): Operationalising Pro- Poor Growth: A Country Case Study on Bangladesh. A joint initiative of AFD, BMZ, DFID, GTZ, KfW Development Bank and the World Bank. Website resource: www.dfid.gov.uk; www.gtz.de; www.worldbank.org.
SHDU (2003): Supply-Use and Input-Output Table 2000 for Bangladesh. Sustainable Human Development Unit, Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh.
SHDU (2002): Social Accounting Matrix 2000 for Bangladesh (SHD-SAM 2000): A Social Accounting Matrix for Sustainable Human Development, In-house project output, TP Series, number 7, Sustainable Human Development Unit, Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh.
SHDU (2000): SHD SAM 1993 for Bangladesh: A Social Accounting Matrix for Sustainable Human Development, In-house project output, Sustainable Human Development Unit, Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh.
SHDU (2000a): SAM Approach for Informed Policy in Bangladesh. In-house project output, Case Study Series, Number 1, Sustainable Human Development Unit, Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh.
Thorbecke E. (2000), The use of Social Accounting Matrices in modeling. Paper Prepared for the 26th General Conference of The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth Cracow, Poland.
World Bank (2002): Poverty in Bangladesh: Building on Progress. Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Sector Unit, South Asia Region, (Report No. 24299-BD), World Bank, Washington, D.C.
World Bank (2001), Bangladesh: Poverty Assessment; Background Paper on Poverty Trends, Preliminary Report, Dhaka.
World Bank (1998): Bangladesh: From Counting the Poor to Making the Poor Count. Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Sector Unit, South Asia Region, World Bank, Washington, D.C.