Nwachukwu, Ifeanyi N. and Ezeh, Chima I. (2007): Impact of Selected Rural Development Programmes on Poverty Alleviation in Ikwuano LGA, Abia State, Nigeria. Published in: African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, Kenya , Vol. 7, No. 5 (2007): pp. 1-17.
Download (257Kb) | Preview
Rural development is a veritable tool for fighting poverty and achieving economic prosperity at the grassroots level. The concept of rural development embraced by most countries connotes a process through which rural poverty is alleviated by sustained increases in the productivity and incomes of low – income workers and households. The major thrust of this study was to examine the impact of selected rural development programmes in Ikwuano Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. The area under study was purposively selected because of its agricultural potential, high proportion of farmers as well as concentration of agricultural institutions. The selection of programmes for the study was impinged on their long years of existence. The study sought to determine the number of available rural development programmes with poverty alleviation objectives in the area; assess the extent of awareness and participation of rural people in the programmes; and examine the impact of the programmes on farmers’ income, farm size, production and productivity. Multi – stage random sampling method was employed in the selection of communities and respondents. A well-structured questionnaire was used to elicit responses on socio – economic characteristics and other relevant variables from a random sample of 160 respondents comprising beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries from Ikwuano local government of Abia state, Nigeria. The results showed that the rural development programmes which had poverty alleviation objectives impacted significantly on productivity and farm income at 5 percent level of probability. Awareness was perceptibly high while participation was more in Agricultural Development Programme (ADP), with an overwhelmingly percentage representation of about 79, than in others. Programme planners and implementers are therefore urged to intensify awareness creation among rural dwellers and adopt the use of community driven development approach (CDD) in the execution of rural development projects with poverty alleviation thrust. Government, at all levels, was advised to adopt price support policy that raises income of producers.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Impact of Selected Rural Development Programmes on Poverty Alleviation in Ikwuano LGA, Abia State, Nigeria|
|Keywords:||Rural Development Programme, Poverty Alleviation|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C21 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C0 - General > C01 - Econometrics
B - History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches > B4 - Economic Methodology > B41 - Economic Methodology
|Depositing User:||Ifeanyi N. Nwachukwu|
|Date Deposited:||03. Mar 2009 23:35|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 17:30|
1. Elumilade DO, Asaolu TO and SA Adereti Appraising the Institutional Framework for Poverty Alleviation Programmes In Nigeria. International Journal of Finance and Economics Vol. 3:66 – 77, 2006
2. Howard PZ Investing in Agriculture as an Engine of Economic Growth: Uncovering determinants of the World Bank’s Rural Development Strategy. Department of political science Annual Students’ Conference. Columbia University, April 15, 2005
3. NAPEP. National Poverty Eradication Programme www. napep.org. Assessed 20/1/06. 2006.
4. NPC. National Planning Commission www.npc.org. Assessed 15/12/05 2005FOS. Federal Office of Statistics National Consumers Survey. 1985/86 1992/93. FOS publication Lagos, 1994
5. World Bank. World Development Report (New York and Washington). OxfordUniversity Press and World Bank, 2000
6. Ogunsanwo G What Promise Democracy? The Comet May 6, 2001
7. World Factbook Nigeria at a glance. www.cia.gov/publication. Accessed 8/25/05 2004.
8. Eboh EC, Okoye CU and D Anyichi Rural Development in Nigeria: Concepts,Processes and Prospects. Autocentury Publishers Enugu, 1995
9. Njoku JE Governance, Management and Partnership Imperatives for Sustainable Agricultural Research, food Security, Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development in Nigeria. Proc. Of National Workshop on Agriculture and Rural Development at NRCRI Umudike Abia State. May 22nd – 26th 2000.
10. Ijere MO and JA Mbanasor The Challenges of Change in Local Government for Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development. Proceedings of a National Workshop on Agriculture and Rural development held on 22nd – 26th May at National root Crops Research institute Umudike , Abia State Nigeria, 2000.
11. Michener NJ The Participatory Approach: Contradiction and Co – option in Burkina Faso. World Development Vol.26 No. 12, 1998.
12. Mansuri G and V Rao Community – Based and Driven Development: A Critical Review. The World Bank Research Observer Vol. 19 No. 1, 2004.
13. Ekpo AH and O Olaniyi Rural Development In Nigeria: Analysis of the impact of the Directorate for Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI) 1986-93 In:Rural Development In Nigeria: Concepts, Processes and Prospects. Autocentury Publishers Enugu, 1995.
14. Oyesanmi O, Eboiyehi F and A Adereti Evaluation of the Concepts, Implementation and Impact of Poverty Alleviation Programmes in Nigeria. Paper presented at the Centre for Gender and Social Policy studies. Nigeria: Obafemi Awolowo University Press. 2006.
15. Obasi IN and D Oguche Innovative Programmes in Rural Development in Nigeria: An Evaluation of the Better Life Programmes using the APBS Framework. In: Rural Development In Nigeria: Concepts, Processes and Prospects. Auto century Publishers, Enugu 1995.
16. Odunirepo O FEAP to boost Rural Development. Daily Times. 31 – 35 Feb. 2, 1998.
17. FMARD. Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Special Programme on Food Security. www.pcuagric.org 1 – 9 Accessed 15/3/05 2001.
18. Abia State Agency for Community – Based Poverty Reduction Project Manual Of Operation. Abia state Government Press Nigeria, 2003
19. Nwagbo EC Impact of Institutional Credit on Agriculture in Funtua LGA, Katsina State, Nigeria. Samaru Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 6: 79 – 86, 1986.
20. Ezeh CI A Comparative Study of Fadama and Non-Fadama crop Farmers in Osisioma-Ngwa LGA, Abia State, Nigeria. Journal of Tropical and Sustainable Agriculture Vol. 13: 31 – 36, 2004.
21. Mubarik A and JC Flinn Profit Efficiency among Basmati Rice Producers in Pakistan Punjab. American Journal of Agricultural Economics Vol. 71:303 – 310, 1998.
22. Anoyemi TT Gender Analysis for Sustainable Agriculture: The case of Nigeria. In: Y L Fabiyi and E O Idowu (eds). Poverty Alleviation and Food Security in Nigeria. NAAE Ibadan, 1999.
23. Okorji EC Dimension of Rural Poverty and Food Self – Sufficiency Gap in Nigeria .Poverty Alleviation and Food Security In Nigeria (eds) Y L Fabiyi and E O Idowu. Nigerian Assocaition of Agricultural Economists (NAAE) Ibadan, 1999
24. Njoku JE and MACA Odii Determinants of Loan Repayment under the Special Emergency Loan Scheme (SEALS) in Nigeria: A Case study of Imo State. Africa Review of Money, Finance and Banking Vol. 1: 39 – 52, 1991.
25. Nwosu F and M Odii Appraisal of Nigeria’s Agricultural Development Programmes and Prospects For the 21st Century. In: Agricultural Transformation in Nigeria. Proceedings of a National Conference in honour of Professor Martin O. Ijere held at the Federal University Of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State. 24th – 26th August 1999.
26. Ezeh CI and CO Emerole Impact of Formal Rural credit Programmes in the Development Of Agriculture in Abia State, Nigeria: A Comparative Analysis of Borrowers and Non - Borrowers. Food and Fibre Production in Nigeria in the 21st Century. Nwagbo, C C, Ukpabi, U H and A Anene (eds). Proc. Annual Conference of the College of Agriculture and Vet. Medicine, Abia State University. 10th – 13th Sept. 2000.
27. Amalu UC Poverty Alleviation and Agriculture in Sub – Saharan Africa: The Nigerian Experience. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment Vol. 3: 230 – 236, 2005.