Bianchi, Javier (2009): Overborrowing and Systemic Externalities in the Business Cycle.
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Credit constraints that link a private agent's debt to market-determined prices embody a systemic credit externality that drives a wedge between competitive and (constrained) socially optimal equilibria, which induces private agents to ``overborrow". We quantify the effects of this externality in a two-sector DSGE model of a small open economy calibrated to emerging markets. Debt is denominated in units of tradable goods, and is constrained not to exceed a fraction of income, including nontradables income valued at the relative price of nontradables. The externality arises because agents fail to internalize the price effects of their individual borrowing, and hence the adverse debt-deflation amplification effects of negative income shocks that trigger a binding credit constraint. Quantitatively, the credit externality causes a modest increase in average debt, of about 2 percentage points of GDP, but it triples the probability of financial crises and doubles the average current account and consumption reversals caused by these crises.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Overborrowing and Systemic Externalities in the Business Cycle|
|Keywords:||Financial Crises, Business Cycles, Amplification Effects, Sudden Stops, Systemic Externalities|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D62 - Externalities
F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F20 - General
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E3 - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles > E32 - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F32 - Current Account Adjustment; Short-Term Capital Movements
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F30 - General
F - International Economics > F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance > F41 - Open Economy Macroeconomics
|Date Deposited:||15. Jul 2009 02:25|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 00:09|
Aiyagari, S. (1994): "Uninsured idiosyncratic risk and aggregate saving," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, pp. 659-684.
Mendoza, E. G. (2002). "Credit, Prices, and Crashes: Business Cycles with a Sudden Stop" in Preventing Currency Crisis in Emerging Markets, ed. by S. Edwards and J. Frankel, University of Chicago Press.
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