Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The Effect of Traffic Safety Laws and Obesity Rates on Living Organ Donations

Fernandez, Jose and Stohr, Lisa (2009): The Effect of Traffic Safety Laws and Obesity Rates on Living Organ Donations.

[img]
Preview
PDF
MPRA_paper_17033.pdf

Download (301kB) | Preview

Abstract

This paper uses variation in traffic safety laws and obesity rates to identify substitution patterns between living and cadaveric kidney donors. Using panel data from 1988-2008, we find that a 1% decrease in the supply of cadaveric donors per 100,000 increases the supply of living donors per 100,000 by .7%. With respect to traffic safety laws, a national adoption of partial helmet laws is estimated to decrease cadaveric donors by 6%, but leads to a 4.2% increase in the number of living donors, or a net effect of 1.8% decrease in the supply of kidney donations. The recent rise in obesity rates is estimated to increase living donor rates by roughly 18%. Lastly, we find evidence that increases in disposable income per capita is associated with an increase in the number of non-biological living donors within a state, but is not found to have an effect on biological donor rates.

UB_LMU-Logo
MPRA is a RePEc service hosted by
the Munich University Library in Germany.