Fernandez, Jose and Stohr, Lisa (2009): The Effect of Traffic Safety Laws and Obesity Rates on Living Organ Donations.
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This paper uses variation in traffic safety laws and obesity rates to identify substitution patterns between living and cadaveric kidney donors. Using panel data from 1988-2008, we find that a 1% decrease in the supply of cadaveric donors per 100,000 increases the supply of living donors per 100,000 by .7%. With respect to traffic safety laws, a national adoption of partial helmet laws is estimated to decrease cadaveric donors by 6%, but leads to a 4.2% increase in the number of living donors, or a net effect of 1.8% decrease in the supply of kidney donations. The recent rise in obesity rates is estimated to increase living donor rates by roughly 18%. Lastly, we find evidence that increases in disposable income per capita is associated with an increase in the number of non-biological living donors within a state, but is not found to have an effect on biological donor rates.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Effect of Traffic Safety Laws and Obesity Rates on Living Organ Donations|
|Keywords:||organ donations, fatalities, seat belt, helmet laws, altruism|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D62 - Externalities
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I12 - Health Production
D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D64 - Altruism; Philanthropy
|Depositing User:||Jose Fernandez|
|Date Deposited:||01. Sep 2009 07:43|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 08:24|
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