Liu, Xuan (2007): Trade Openness and the Cost of Sudden Stops: The Role of Financial Frictions.
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This paper analyzes the trade policy when country spread becomes more volatile due to the possibility of sudden stops. Both analytical and numerical results show that sudden stops have weaker output impact when the small open economy is more open to trade; however, this does not imply the optimality of an open trade policy. When the economy does not pay additional expenses to adjust its foreign debt, the cost of sudden stops is decreasing in trade openness, which implies the optimality of an open trade policy. In this case, external shocks may be welfare improving. The economy will gain from counter-cyclical tariff rate policies. On the other hand, when the economy has to pay additional expenses to adjust its foreign debt, a closed trade policy is optimal. In this latter case, the nature of the policy and how the government implements the policy matter. The results hold in economies with and without the working capital constraint, and in both economies with GHH preferences and those with Cobb-Douglas preferences.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Trade Openness and the Cost of Sudden Stops: The Role of Financial Frictions|
|Keywords:||Trade openness; Welfare cost; Sudden stops; Small open economy; Second order approximation.|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F34 - International Lending and Debt Problems
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E3 - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles > E32 - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
G - Financial Economics > G1 - General Financial Markets > G15 - International Financial Markets
F - International Economics > F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance > F41 - Open Economy Macroeconomics
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook > E61 - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
|Depositing User:||Xuan Liu|
|Date Deposited:||26. Nov 2009 01:57|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 11:10|
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