Vreeland, James and Spada, Paolo (2010): Participatory Decision Making: A Field Experiment on Manipulating the Votes.
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Many believe that deliberative democracy, where individuals discuss alternatives before voting on them, should result in collectively superior outcomes because voters become better informed and decisions are justified using reason. These deliberations typically involve a moderator, however, whose role has been under-examined. We conduct a field experiment to test the effects moderators may have. Participants in a class of 107 students voted on options over their writing and exam requirements. Before voting, they participated in group discussions of about five people each with one moderator. Some (randomly assigned) moderators remained neutral throughout, while others made limited interventions, supporting a specific option. We find a substantial moderator effect. Our experiment is structured like deliberations used world-wide to make community decisions and thus should have some external validity. The results indicate that if organized interest groups had influence over moderators, they might be able to hijack a deliberative decision-making process.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Participatory Decision Making: A Field Experiment on Manipulating the Votes|
|English Title:||Participatory Decision Making: A Field Experiment on Manipulating the Votes|
|Keywords:||deliberative democracy, participatory decision making, interest group, manipulation, moderators, facilitators|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D70 - General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C9 - Design of Experiments > C93 - Field Experiments
|Depositing User:||Paolo Spada|
|Date Deposited:||23. Jul 2010 03:06|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 02:33|
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