Berg, Nathan and Murdoch, James (2008): Access to grocery stores in Dallas. Published in: International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research , Vol. 1, No. 1 (2008): pp. 22-37.
Download (219kB) | Preview
This paper presents geo-spatial information concerning access to grocery stores in Dallas County, Texas. A map shows the spatial distribution of neighbourhoods classified according to the number of grocery stores within a one-mile radius. Neighbourhood-level data from the Texas Health and Human Services Commission and US Census reveal distinct demographic characteristics in areas with many versus few grocery stores. No-grocery-store neighbourhoods are predominantly low-income and concentrated in southern Dallas, and African-American neighbourhoods have significantly fewer grocery stores. Disparities in access to nutritious food suggest the possibility of a breakdown in food security, afflicting as many as 400 000 low-income residents. The demographic correlates of grocery store access are analysed in light of economic and behavioural theories of consumer decisions about what to eat and firms’ choices of where to locate stores.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Access to grocery stores in Dallas|
|Keywords:||food security; grocery stores; neighborhoods; imitation.|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D0 - General > D03 - Behavioral Economics; Underlying Principles|
|Depositing User:||Nathan Berg|
|Date Deposited:||02. Dec 2010 12:11|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 19:42|
Anderson, P.M., Butcher, K.F. and Levine, P.B. (2003) ‘Maternal employment and overweight children’, Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 22, pp.477–504.
Ball, K. and Crawford, D. (2005) ‘Socioeconomic status and weight change in adults: a review’, Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 60, pp.1987–2010.
Becker, G.S. (1991) A Treatise on the Family, Enlarged edition, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Berg, N. (2007a) ‘Business development decisions in Dallas: assessing the need for new tools in new environments’, Working Paper, University of Texas-Dallas.
Berg, N. (2007b) ‘Imitation in location choice’, Working Paper, University of Texas-Dallas.
Block, J.P., Scribner, R.A. and DeSalvo, K.B. (2004) ‘Fast food, race/ethnicity, and income: a geographic analysis’, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 27, pp.211–217.
Borron, S. (2003) ‘Food policy councils: practice and possibility’, http://www.lanefood.org/ content/cp-5-foodpolicycouncils.htm (retrieved 19 November 2007).
Bowman, S.A., Gortmaker, S.L., Ebbeling, C.B., Pereira, M.A. and Ludwig, D.S. (2004) ‘Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey’, Pediatrics, Vol. 113, pp.112–118.
Bray, T. (2007) ‘Dallas is not as dangerous as you think: the crime we have is bad, but it’s concentrated’, Dallas Morning News, http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/ dn/opinion/viewpoints/stories/DN-bray_06edi.ART.State.Edition1.43e7691.html (retrieved 19 November 2007).
Bridgman, A. and Phillips, D. (Eds.) (1998) New Findings on Poverty and Child Health and Nutrition: Summary of a Research Briefing, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Washington, DC: National Academies Press. Brownell, K.D. (2005) ‘Does a toxic environment make obesity inevitable?’, Obesity Management, Vol. 1, pp.52–55.
Catford, J. (2003) ‘Promoting healthy weight – the new environmental frontier’, Health Promotion International, Vol. 18, pp.1–4.
Danziger, S., Heflin, C.M., Corcoran, M., Oltmans, E. and Wang, H. (2002) ‘Does it pay to move from welfare to work?’, Working Paper No. 254, Chicago: Joint Center for Poverty Research, Northwestern University/University of Chicago.
Deviney, F. and Hagert, C. (2006) ‘An alternative poverty measure: the family security index and portfolio’, Austin: Center for Public Policy Priorities, http://www.cppp.org/files/8/Family %20Security%20Presentation%20Austin_Feb%2006.ppt (retrieved 19 November 2007).
Drewnowski, A. (2003) ‘Fat and sugar: an economic analysis’, Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 133, pp.838–840.
Drewnowski, A. and Darmon, N. (2005) ‘The economics of obesity: dietary energy density and energy cost’, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 82, pp.265–273.
Drewnowski, A., Darmon, N. and Briend, A. (2004) ‘Replacing fats and sweets with vegetables and fruit – a question of cost’, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 94, pp.1555–1559.
Easley, J. and Chamberlain, B. (2007) ‘Beyond ABC: growing up in Dallas County: assessing our children’s quality of life’, Dallas, TX: Children’s Medical Center and The Coalition for North Texas Children, p.27.
Estabrooks, P.A., Lee, R.E. and Gyurcsik, N.C. (2003) ‘Resources for physical activity participation: does availability and accessibility differ by neighborhood socioeconomic status?’, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 25, pp.100–104.
Francica, J. (2000) ‘Location analysis tools help Starbucks brew up new ideas’, Business Geographics, Vol. 8, pp.32–33.
Gary, T.L., Baptiste-Roberts, K., Gregg, E.W., Williams, D.E., Beckles, G.L.A., Miller, D.J., et al. (2004) ‘Fruit, vegetable and fat intake in a population-based sample of African Americans’, Journal of the National Medical Association, Vol. 96, pp.1599–1605.
Gordon-Larsen, P., Adair, L.S. and Popkin, B.M. (2003) ‘The relationship of ethnicity, socioeconomic factors, and overweight in U.S. adolescents’, Obesity Research, Vol. 11, pp.121–129.
Haas, J.S., Lee, L.B., Kaplan, C.P., Sonneborn, D., Phillips, K.A. and Liang, S-Y. (2003) ‘The association of race, socioeconomical status, and health insurance status with the prevalence of overweight among children and adolescents’, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 93, pp.2105–2110.
Hagert, C. (2007) ‘Testimony on the integrated eligibility system: February 27, 2007’, http://www.cppp.org/files/3/House%20HHS%202_07.ppt (retrieved 19 November 2007).
Helling, A. and Sawicki, D. (2003) ‘Race and residential accessibility to shopping and services’, Housing Policy Debate, Vol. 14, pp.69–101.
Horaguchi, H.H. (forthcoming) ‘Economics of reciprocal networks: collaboration in knowledge and emergence of industrial clusters’, Journal of Computational Economics.
Horgen, K.B. and Brownell, K.D. (2002) ‘Comparison of price change and health message interventions in promoting healthy food choices’, Health Psychology, Vol. 21, pp.505–512.
Jetter, K.M. and Cassady, D.L. (2005) ‘The availability and cost of healthier food alternatives’, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 30, pp.38–44.
Molnar, B.E., Gortmaker, S.L., Bull, F.C. and Buka, S.L. (2004) ‘Unsafe to play? Neighborhood disorder and lack of safety predict reduced physical activity among urban children and adolescents’, American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 18, pp.378–386.
Newacheck, P.W. and Halfon, N. (1998) ‘Prevalence and impact of disabling chronic conditions in childhood’, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 88, pp.610–617.
Proscio, T. (2006) ‘Food, markets, and healthy communities’, Local Initiatives Support Corporation, http://www.lisc.org/content/publications/detail/1388 (retrieved 19 November 2007).
Robert, S.A. and Reither, E.N. (2004) ‘A multilevel analysis of race, community disadvantage and body mass index among adults in the U.S.’, Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 59, pp.2421–2434.
Romero, A.J. (2005) ‘Low-income neighborhood barriers and resources for adolescents’ physical activity’, Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 36, pp.253–259.
Sabety, P. and Carlson, V. (2003) Using Information to Drive Change: New Ways of Moving Markets, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Sobal, J., Khan, L.K. and Bisogni, C. (1998) ‘A conceptual model of the food and nutrition system’, Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 47, pp.853–863.
Swinburn, B.A., Egger, G.J. and Raza, F. (1999) ‘Dissecting obesogenic environments: the development and application of a framework for identifying and prioritizing environmental interventions for obesity’, Preventive Medicine, Vol. 29, pp.563–570.
Thaler, R. (1991) Quasi-Rational Economics, New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Wansink, B., Painter, J.E. and Lee, Y-K. (2006) ‘The office candy dish: proximities influence on estimated and actual consumption’, International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 30, pp.871–875.
Weissbourd, R. (1999) The Market Potential of Inner-city Neighborhoods: Filling the Information Gap, Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.
Zhang, Q. and Wang, Y. (2004) ‘Trends in the association between obesity and socioeconomic status in U.S. adults: 1971 to 2000’, Obesity Research, Vol. 12, pp.1622–1632.