Smith, John (2010): The endogenous nature of the measurement of social preferences.
Download (220kB) | Preview
We present evidence against the standard assumptions that social preferences are stable and can be measured in a reliable, nonintrusive manner. Researchers often measure social preferences by posing dictator type allocation decisions. The Social Value Orientation (SVO) is a particular sequence of dictator decisions. We vary the order in which the SVO and a lager stakes dictator game are presented. In our first study, we find that prosocial subjects act even more prosocially when the SVO is administered first, whereas selfish subjects are unaffected by the order. In our second study, we vary the order of the SVO and a nonstandard dictator game. We do not find the effect found in the first study. This suggests that the first result is driven by choices involving the size of surplus. Although we cannot determine whether the timing affects preferences or the measure of preferences, our results are incompatible with the assumptions that social preferences are stable and can be measured in a reliable, nonintrusive manner.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The endogenous nature of the measurement of social preferences|
|Keywords:||experimental economics; social values; dictator game; social value orientation|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D64 - Altruism; Philanthropy
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C9 - Design of Experiments > C91 - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
|Depositing User:||John Smith|
|Date Deposited:||01. Mar 2011 01:14|
|Last Modified:||20. Feb 2013 14:06|
Andreoni, J. and Miller, J. (2002) "Giving According to GARP: An Experimental Test of the Consistency of Preferences for Altruism," Econometrica 70(2): 737-753.
Au, W. and Kwong, J. (2004) "Measurements and Effects of Social-value Orientation in Social Dilemmas," in R. Suleiman, D. Budescu, I. Fischer and D. Messick (eds.) Contemporary Psychological Research on Social Dilemmas, New York, Cambridge University Press: 71-98.
Bednar, J., Chen, Y., Liu, T. X. and Page, S. (2010) "Behavioral Spillovers and Cognitive Load in Multiple Games: An Experimental Study," Working paper, University of Michigan.
Bednar, J. and Page, S. (2007) "Can Game(s) Theory Explain Culture? The Emergence of Cultural Behavior within Multiple Games," Rationality and Society 19(1): 65-97.
Bogaert, S., Boone, C. and Declerck, C. (2008) "Social Value Orientation and Cooperation in Social Dilemmas: A Review and Conceptual Model," British Journal of Social Psychology 47: 453-480.
Bohnet, I. and Frey, B. (1999) "Social Distance and Other-regarding Behavior in Dictator Games: Comment," American Economic Review 89(1): 335-339.
Bolton, G., Katok, E. and Zwick, R. (1998) "Dictator Game Giving: Rules of Fairness Versus Acts of Kindness," International Journal of Game Theory 27(2): 269-299.
Bowles, S. (1998) "Endogenous Preferences: The Cultural Consequences of Markets and Other Economic Institutions," Journal of Economic Literature 36: 75-111.
Buckley, N., Chan, K., Chowhan, J., Mestelman, S. and Shehata, M. (2001) "Value Orientations, Income, and Displacement Effects, and Voluntary Contributions," Experimental Economics 4: 183-195.
Buckley, N., Mestelman, S. and Shehata, M. (2003) "Subsidizing Public Inputs," Journal of Public Economics 87: 819-846.
Burlando, R. and Guala, F. (2005) "Heterogenous Agents in Public Goods Experiments," Experimental Economics 8: 35-54.
Cameron, L., Brown, P. and Chapman, J. (1998) "Social Value Orientations and Decisions to take Proenvironmental Action," Journal of Applied Social Psychology 28(8): 675-697.
Canegallo, C., Ortona, G., Ottone, S., Ponzaono, F. and Scacciati, F. (2008) "Competition Versus Cooperation: Some Experimental Evidence," Journal of Socio-Economics 37: 18-30.
Carpenter, J. (2003) "Is Fairness Used Instrumentally? Evidence from Sequential Bargaining," Journal of Economic Psychology 24: 467-489.
Carpenter, J. (2005) "Endogenous Social Preferences," Review of Radical Political Economics 37(1): 63-84.
Charness, G. and Rabin, M. (2002) "Understanding Preferences with Simple Tests," Quarterly Journal of Economics 117: 817-869.
Chen, Y. and Li, X.S. (2009) "Group Identity and Social Preferences," American Economic Review 99(1): 431-457.
Cornelissen, G., Dewitte, S. and Warlop, L. (2007) "Social Value Orientation as a Moral Intuition: Decision-making in the Dictator Game," Working paper, Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
Cox, J. and Sadiraj, V. (2011) "Direct Tests of Models of Social Preferences and a New Model," Economic Inquiry, forthcoming.
Crawford, V. and Broseta, B. (1998) "What Price Coordination? The Efficiency-enhancing Effect of Auctioning the Right to Play," American Economic Review 88(1): 198-225.
Deutsch, M. (1958) "Trust and Suspicion," Journal of Conflict Resolution 2(4): 265-279.
Eckel, C. and Grossman, P. (1996) "Altruism in Anonymous Dictator Games," Games and Economic Behavior 16(2): 181-191.
Eckel, C. and Grossman, P. (2005) "Managing Diversity by Creating Team Identity," Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 58(3): 371-392.
Forsythe, R., Horowitz, J., Savin, N.E. and Sefton, M. (1994) "Fairness in Simple Bargaining Experiments," Games and Economic Behavior 6(3): 347-369.
Griesinger, D. and Livingston, J. (1973) "Toward a Model of Interpersonal Motivation in Experimental Games," Behavioral Science 18(3): 173-188.
Guth, W., Levati, M. and Ploner, M. (2008) "Social Identity and Trust: An Experimental Investigation," Journal of Socio-Economics 37: 1293-1308.
Hertel, G. and Fiedler, K. (1994) "Affective and Cognitive Influences in a Social Dilemma Game," European Journal of Social Psychology 24(1): 131-145.
Hertel, G. and Fiedler, K. (1998) "Fair and Dependent Versus Egoistic and Free: Effects of Semantic and Evaluative Priming on the 'Ring Measure of Social Values,'" European Journal of Social Psychology 28(1): 49-70.
Hoffman E., McCabe, K., Shachat K. and Smith V. (1994) "Preferences, Property Rights, and Anonymity in Bargaining Games," Games and Economic Behavior 7(3): 346-380.
Iedema, J. and Poppe, M. (1994) "The Effect of Self-presentation on Social Value Orientation," Journal of Social Psychology 134(6): 771-782.
Joireman, J., Lasane, T., Bennett, J., Richards, D. and Solaimani, S. (2001) "Integrating Social Value Orientation and the Consideration of Future Consequences within the Extended Norm Activation Model of Proenvironmental Behavior," British Journal of Social Psychology 40(1): 133-155.
Kanagaretnam, K., Mestelman, S., Nainar, K. and Shehata, M. (2009) "The Impact of Social Value Orientation and Risk Attitudes on Trust and Reciprocity," Journal of Economic Psychology 30: 368-380.
Kramer, R., McClintock, C. and Messick, D. (1986) "Social Values and Cooperative Response to a Simulated Resource Conservation Crisis," Journal of Personality 54(3): 576-592.
Messick, D. and McClintock, C. (1968) "Motivational Bases of Choice in Experimental Games," Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 4(1): 1-25.
McClintock, C. and Allison, S. (1989) "Social Value Orientation and Helping Behavior," Journal of Applied Social Psychology 19(4): 353-362.
Offerman, T., Sonnemans, J. and Schram. (1996) "Value Orientations, Expectations and Voluntary Contributions in Public Goods," Economic Journal 106: 817-845.
Parks, C. (1994) "The Predictive Ability of Social Values in Resource Dilemmas and Public Goods Games," Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 20: 431-438.
Poulsen, A. and Poulsen, O. (2006) "Endogenous Preferences and Social-dilemma Institutions," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 162: 627-660.
Pruyn, A. and Riezebos, R. (2001) "Effects of the Awareness of Social Dilemmas on Advertising Budget-setting: A Scenario Study," Journal of Economic Psychology 22(1): 43-60.
Ruffle, B. (1998) "More is Better, but Fair Is Fair: Tipping on Dictator and Ultimatum Games," Games and Economic Behavior 23: 247-265.
Schotter, A., Weiss, A. and Zapater, I. (1996) "Fairness and Survival in Ultimatum and Dictatorship Games," Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 31(1): 37-56.
Smeesters, D., Warlop, L., Van Avermaet, E., Corneille, O. and Yzerbyt, V. (2003) "Do Not Prime Hawks with Doves: The Interplay of Construct Activation and Consistency of Social Value Orientation on Cooperative Behavior," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 84(5): 972-987.
Sonnemans, J., Van Dijk, F. and Van Winden, F. (2006) "On the Dynamics of Social Ties Structures in Groups," Journal of Economic Psychology 27: 187-204.
Van Huyck, J., Battalio, R. and Beil, R. (1993) "Asset Markets as an Equilibrium Selection Mechanism: Coordination Failure, Game Form Auctions and Tacit Communication," Games and Economic Behavior 5: 485-504.
Van Lange, P., Otten, W., De Bruin, E. and Joireman, J. (1997) "Development of Prosocial, Individualistic, and Competitive Orientations: Theory and Preliminary Evidence," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 73(4): 733-746.
Van Vugt, M., Van Lange, P. and Meertens, R. (1996) "Commuting by Car or Public Transportation? A Social Dilemma Analysis of Travel Mode Judgements," European Journal of Social Psychology 26: 373-395.
Available Versions of this Item
The endogenous nature of the measurement of social preferences. (deposited 14. Jun 2010 10:08)
- The endogenous nature of the measurement of social preferences. (deposited 01. Mar 2011 01:14) [Currently Displayed]