Au, Pak Hung and Kawai, Keiichi (2010): Media Capture and Information Monopolization in Japan.
Download (161kB) | Preview
In this paper, we investigate the unique institution of the Japanese press industry called kisha club system, which is deemed as the symbol of media capture by the government, and collusion in the media industry. By tracing through its history, we show how the institution has developed as a result of the government's attempt to control the media, and the media's incentive to use the alluring opportunity provided by the government to limit the rivalry within the industry. We find that the distribution of political power is a major factor behind the collusive press-politics relationship. By providing a simple model that links the distribution of political power and the media capture, we explain why this institutional arrangement has been so persistent in Japan.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Media Capture and Information Monopolization in Japan|
|Subjects:||N - Economic History > N0 - General > N00 - General|
|Depositing User:||Keiichi Kawai|
|Date Deposited:||21. Mar 2011 14:00|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 16:10|
Besley, T., R. Burgees, and A. Prat (2002): “Mass Media and Political Accountability,” in The Right to Tell: The Role of Mass Media in Economic Development, 29ed. by R. Islam, pp. 45–60. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Besley, T., and A. Prat (2006): “Handcuﬀs for the rabbing Hand? Media Capture and Government Accountability,” American Economic Review, 96(3), 720–736.
Coughlin, W. (1952): Conquered Press : The MacArthur Era in Japanese Journalism. Paciﬁc Books, Palo Alto.
de Lange, W. (1998): A History of Japanese Journalism. Japan Library, Brighton.
Feldman, O. (1993): Politics and the News Media in Japan. Univerity of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.
Feldman, O. (2004): Talking Politics in Japan Today. Sussex Academic Press, Brighton.
FreedomHouse (2008): “Press Freedom Survey 2008,” http://www.freedomhouse.org/.
Freeman, L. A. (2000): Closing the shop : information cartels and Japan’s mass media. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
Yamamoto, T. (1989): “The Press Clubs of Japan,” Journal of Japanese Studies, 15(2), 371–388.