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Choix d’une meilleure politique d’émigration : Modélisation de stratégies et simulation du modèle

KOUNI, Mohamed (2008): Choix d’une meilleure politique d’émigration : Modélisation de stratégies et simulation du modèle.

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Abstract

The recent brain drain literature showed that the skilled emigration can improve the average level of schooling in developing countries. Indeed, the brain drain issue seems to be at the heart of policy priorities for the source countries. It’s in this context that our interest in this paper examines the choice of a better emigration policy for these countries. Our analysis shows that the incomes obtained in the emigration case are the most important. The subsidies policy as well as that of transfers, are within this framework, the best policies. The subsidies policy in presence of emigration prospects, associates the high-level of skills and revenues for all scenarios. In the same way, the remittances policy, in case of possibility to emigrate generates an important effect on human capital in the source countries. Nevertheless, the return policy in the event of a great divergence of development has only a little importance. However, in a closed economy the human capital remains limited.

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