Ahmed, Vaqar and Wahab, Mohammad Abdul and Mahmood, Hamid (2011): Effectiveness of HRD for developing SMEs in South Asia.
Download (6MB) | Preview
Today South Asia is host to a large youth bulge which is entering the labor market every year posing challenging questions for the national governments in the context of employable skills, space for entrepreneurship, innovation and economic freedom. SME sector provides an opportunity for the young to exercise their ideas and ideals. However a prerequisite for the young to be innovate is the how countries produce and retain a high end human capital. This study provides a review of national socio-economic policies in South Asian region - which answer such challenges.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Effectiveness of HRD for developing SMEs in South Asia|
|Keywords:||human resource development, small and medium enterprises, economic growth, competitiveness|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J0 - General > J08 - Labor Economics Policies
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
|Depositing User:||Vaqar Ahmed|
|Date Deposited:||08. May 2011 13:41|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 06:03|
Ahad M. Osman-Gani and Ronald L. Jacobs (2005) “Technological change and human resource development practices in Asia: a study of Singapore-based companies” International Journal of Training and Development 9:4. Afghanistan Skill Development Project (2008), World Bank.
Ahmed, 2009, “Performance Evaluation of SMEs of Bangladesh”, International Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 4, No 7.
Ahmed, Vaqar and Cathal O’ Donoghue (2010) Global Economic Crisis and Poverty in Pakistan. International Journal of Microsimulation. (2010) 3(1) 127-129.
Alam Md. Fashiul, (2009),"Perspectives on Practice: Learning organization and development of woman managers in Pakistan" Human Resource Development International , Vol. 12, No. 1, pp 105–114.
Albert Berry (1998)” The Potential Role of the SME Sector in Pakistan in a World of Increasing International Trade” Pakistan Development Review 37: 4 Part I (Winter 1998) pp. 37:4, 25– 49.
Aldaba, (2008), “SMEs in the Philippine Manufacturing Industry and Globalization: Meeting the Development Challenges 2008-15”, Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Annual PLC Report (2000), Barcleys Bank Report.
Ashok S. (2008),"Innovative Human Resource Management and corporate performance in the context of economic liberalization in India", The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 19, No. 7,pp 1278–1297.
Ashok Som (2008) “Innovative human resource management and corporate performance in the context of economic liberalization in India” The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 19, No. 7, 1278–1297.
Ashton et al., 2008. “Skills for improved productivity, employment growth and development: fifth edition” International Labour Office.
Asia Development Bank (ADB). 1999. Report and Recommendation of President of ADB to the Board of Directors, No.RRP SRI-31283, Oct. 1999 Proposed Loan to Sri Lanka on Skills Development Project (Loan No. 1707 SRI, 2001-2007).
Atta-ur-Rahman, A. R. Kemal, Rehana Siddiqui, Musleh-ud Din, Zafar Mueen Nasir, Munir Ahmad, Ejaz Ghani, Mohammad Iqbal, Syeda Tanveer Naim, Aamir Matin and Shaukat Hameed Khan (2005) Technology based Industrial Vision and Strategy for Pakistan’s SocioEffectiveness of Human Resource for Developing SMEs in South Asia 85 economic Development (Draft). Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Higher Education Commission/COMSTECH, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad. Bangladesh (2010,) Country Summary of Higher Education, World Bank.
Bartlett C. and Gghosal ,S.(2002),"Building competitive advantage through people" Sloan management Review,4(2),pp 34-41.
Berry (1998), “The Potential Role of the SME Sector in Pakistan in a World of Increasing International Trade” Pakistan Development Review.
Bhattacharya, E Sen, S. (2009). "Strengthening stakeholder-company relationships through mutually beneficial corporate social responsibility initiatives" Journal of business Ethics, 85, pp 257-272.
Ceranic and Popovic, (2006), “Human resources management in small and medium enterprises, Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce, Agroinform Publishing House.
Chandan Lal Rohra and Mumtaz Junejo, 3Parkash Lal (2009) “Impact of SMEs Business on Foreign Exchange Earnings of Pakistan Through Export from Sindh” Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(2): 1113-1121.
Cho, Scott and Ellinger (2010), “Human resource development, organization development, organizational learning, and organizational effectiveness: all needed more than ever” Human Resource Development International, 13: 4, 487 — 496.
Cho, Yonjoo and McLean, Gary N.(2009) 'Leading Asian countries' HRD practices in the IT industry: a comparative study of South Korea and India', Human Resource Development International, 12: 3, 313 — 331.
Chowdhury, 2007, “Customized Form of Finance for SMEs, Seminar Proceedings, National SME Development, and Program for OIC Member Countries, FBCCI, Dhaka. Competence Development in SMEs and Observatory of European SMEs (2003), European Commission.
Country overview (2005,2010 and 2011), World Bank.
Dalziel, 2002, “leveraging training skills development in SMES an analysis of Canterbury region, NEW ZEALAND”, OECD.
Dang, 2003, “Impact of Training on Firm Performance: A Look at Manufacturing SMEs in Viet Nam”, California State University, National Economics University Hanoi.
Data base profile on macroeconomic and HRD indicators in SAARC region 1990-2007, SAARC Human Resource development center (SHRDC) Islamabad, Pakistan.
Department of National Planning, (Republic of Maldives, http://www.planning.gov.mv).
Dessler, G. (2007), “Human Resource Management” Pearson Education.
Dewinne,(2003), "Exploring terra incognita: Human resource management and firm performance in small and medium-sized business" PHD thesis. leuven, faculte it economischen toegepaste economische weten schappen.
Dhungana (2003), “Investment Promotion and Enterprise Development” Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific.
Dohra Chanda , (2009)," Strategies for Developing the Success of Small Medium Enterprises in Pakistan" International Journal of Business Management, vol 4 ,no 6.
Doing business report (2011), World Bank and International Finance Corporation. Dr P S Mitra “Strategies for Sustainable Turnaround of Indian Steel Industry” ww.ieindia.org/publish/mm/1003/oct03mm2.pdf.
Economic Survey of Pakistan (2010), Government of Pakistan.
Education and Skill Development (2007-12), “11th five year plan of India” Government of India.
Enhancing Food Security in Afghanistan: Private Markets and Public Policy Options (2005), World Bank Report. Evidence from Taiwanese enterprise" International Journal of human resource management .11(2), pp 436-451.
Ferligo, Nikar and Jordan, 1997,” Competitive Advantage and Human Resource Management in SMEs in a Transitional Economy”, Small Business Economics 9: 503–514, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Fischer and Reuber “Industrial Clusters and Business Development Services for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises”. (Competitiveness Strategy in Developing Countries: A Manual for Policy Analysis, Routledge Studies in Development Economics,(5),PP 131-165, 2003).
Galia F. legros D.(2004),"testing for complementarities between team ,incentives, training and knowledgement, evidence".
Global Competitiveness Report (2011), World Economic Forum.
Global Innovation Index Report (2010), INSEAD and Indian Confederation Industry, “www.networkedreadiness.com.
Green and Kim, 2007” Training and Establishment Survival”, Sector Skills Development Agency, Research Report 20.
Harrison, R. (1997). Employee Development, Institute of Personnel and development, London.
Hashim and fazwi, 2002 “Relationship between Human Resource Practices and Innovation Activity in Malaysian SMES, Faculty of Business Management University.
Hayton, 2003, “Strategic Human Capital Management in SMEs: An Empirical Study of Entrepreneurial Performance”, Human Resource Management 42(4), 375-391.
Hill, R. and Stewart, J. (2000). “Human resource development in small organizations” Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 24, Nos 2/3/4, pp.105-17.
Huang. T.C 2000."Are human resource practices of effective firms distinctly different from those of poorly performing ones?
Human development report (2010), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Human development report (2010), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Human resources development, employment and globalization in the hotel, catering and tourism sector (2001), International Labour Organization.
Hussein M. H, (2009),“State of Microfinance in SAARC Countries” Institute of Microfinance (InM).
Ijose, 2009, “Strategic human resource management, small and medium sized enterprises and strategic partnership capability”, Journal of Management and Marketing Research Strategic human resource, Rock University of Pennsylvania. Indonesia’s SME Strategy, APEC SME Partnership, “http://www.apecsmewg.org”. Investment & Technology Policies for Competitiveness: Review of Successful Country Experiences, Technology for Development Series (2003), UNCTAD.
Jensen A and pugatch M, (2005)."IPR and SME, in intellectual property frontiers: Expanding the borders of discussion, Stockholm network publications. Johnson and Devin, 2008 “Training and workforce development in SMES: Myth and reality”, Skill for development agency (SSDA) Catalyst, Issue 7- Training and Workforce Development in SMEs: Myth and.
Jones J.T (2005) “The determinants of training in Australian manufacturing SME's". Education and training. 47(8/9).605-615.
Junaid Z., Muhammad S. and Norazuwa M,(2010),"An Analysis of E-Human Resource Management Practices: A Case Study of State Bank of Pakistan ",European Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 15, Number 1,pp 18-26.
Kelly, Bosma and Amoros, (2010), “Global Entrepreneurship Monitor” Global Entrepreneurship Research Association (GERA). Key success factors and indigenous management practices in SMEs in emerging economies, 2008, Journal of World Business.
Labor Policy (2010), Ministry of Labor and Manpower, Government of Pakistan.
Lau and Foley, 2008 “Strategic Human Resource Management, Firm Performance and Employee Relations Climate in China,” Human Resource Management 47(1), p73-90.
Leano, 2006 “SMEs in the Philippines” Confederation of Asia-Pacific Chambers of Commerce and Industry (CACCI) Journal, Vol. 1.
Lehmann Sanne,( 2009)"Motivating talents in Thai and Malaysian service firms", Human Resource Development International ,vol 12,155-169.
Lepak, D.P and Snell (2001),"Examine the Human Resources Architecture: The relationship among Human Capital, Employment and Human Resources Configuration” Journal of Management, 28(4),517-543.
Longley R (2006)."Small Business Drives US Economy , Provides jobs for over half of nation's private workforce. About .com.us.goverment info.
Lucas, R.E. (1988) “On the Mechanics of Economic Development” Journal of Monetary Economics, 22, pp. 3-43.
Lundström. A.; Stevenson, L. (2001b): “Patterns and Trends in Entrepreneurship/SME Policy and Practice in Ten Economies”, 2001. Volume 3 in the Entrepreneurship Policy for the Future series, Swedish Foundation for Small Business Research, Stockholm.
Ma Chi and Hu Yingde, (2006) “Discussion on Human Resource Management and Relevant Strategy in SMEs” Business and Management College of Zhejiang University of Technology.
Mahmood, S.(2008), Corporate Governance and Business Ethics for SME's in developing countries : Challenges and way forward”.
Marquardt, M., Berger, N. and Loan, P. 2004. HRD in the Age of Globalization. New.
Martins and Terbalanche, 2003, “Building organizational culture that stimulates creativity and innovation”, European Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. 6 (1), 64-74.
Mason, 2007, “Small Businesses”, www.moyak.com/researcher/.
Mathur, Somesh Kumar (2007): Indian IT industry: a performance analysis and a model for possible adoption, Munich Personal RePEc Archive.
Mathur, S. K.(2006),”Indian Information Technology Industry: Past, Present and Future and a Tool for National Development”, Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, August 2006,Volume 2,No 2.
McLean (2009) “Leading Asian countries’ HRD practices in the IT industry: a comparative study of South Korea and India” Human Resource Development International.
Ministry of Information and Communication, Royal Government of Bhutan, http://www.moic.gov.bt”. Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of Pakistan “www.most.gov.pk”.
Moheeb H. (2010) “Why helping small and medium-sized enterprises get access to financing and training will spark new economic growth” IBA Media publication Egypt today.
National Education Policy (2007), Government of Pakistan.
National Education Policy (2007), ministry of education, Government of Pakistan.
National Education Strategic Plan (1385-1389), Government of Afghanistan.
National Science and Technological Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology, Sri Lanka.
Newberry (2007), “The Importance of Small and Mid Sized Enterprise in Emerging Economies”, www.wri.org/climate/topic_content.cfm. Nguyen T. Hai, Alam Q. and Prajogo D. (2008) “Developing Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in a Transitional Economy-from Theory to Practice: An Operational Model for Vietnamese SMEs” journal of sustainable development vol.1, no. 1. Objectives of South Asian University, South Asian University www.southasianuniversity.org/SAU/objectives_of_sau.html.
Omar (2009) “The Background and Challenges Faced by the Small Medium Enterprises. A Human Resource Development Perspective” International Journal of business and management.
Omar, Arokiasamy and Ismail, 2009 “The Background and Challenges Faced by the Small Medium Enterprises. A Human Resource Development Perspective”, Journal of Business and Management, Vol 4 No. 10.
Omar, Rahman and Ismael, 2009, “The Background and Challenges Faced by the Small Medium Enterprises. A Human Resource Development Perspective”, International Journal of business and Management, Vol. 4, No. 10.
Private Sector Assessment Pakistan (2008), Asian Development Bank.
Rees Christopher J (2006), “Managerial perceptions of the role of the human resource function in Sri Lanka: a comparative study of local, foreign-owned and joint-venture companies, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 17:12. Report to the People on Education 2009-10, Ministry of Human resource India.
Robinson, Marguerite S., 2002, “The Microfinance Revolution: Sustainable Finance for the Poor”, pp.34, Washington D.C.: World Bank Office of the Publisher; (May 1, 2001).
Rogerson, 2000, “Successful SMEs in South Africa: the case of clothing producers in the Witwatersrand”, Development Southern Africa Vol 17, No 5.
Rohra, 2009, “Analyzing the Stylized facts for Developing SME’s Business Opportunities in Pakistan”, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(3): 2315-2321.
Romer, P. (1986), “Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth” Journal of Political Economy, 94, pp. 1002-1037. Sandra King Kauanui and Su Dang “Impact of Training on Firm Performance: A Look at Manufacturing SMEs in Viet Nam” united state association of small and medium enterprises. Sandra King-Kauanui and Su Dang Ngoc and Catherine Ashley-
Cotleur, (2006). "Impact Of Human Resource Management: SME Performance in Vietnam," Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship (JDE), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., vol. 11(01), pages 79-95.
Schmidt and Steven 2009, “Employee demographics and job training satisfaction: the relationship between dimensions of diversity and satisfaction with job training”, Human Resource Development International, 12: 3, 297 — 312.
Schular, R.S and S.A Jackson,1989."Determinants of Human Resource Management priorities and implications for industrial relations " Journal of management 15(1) :89-99.
Schumpeter (1911), “The concise Encyclopedia of economic” Library economics liberty.
Shipton, H., Fay D. West, Ma Pattorson M., and Birdi (2005),"Managing people to promote innovation, creativity and innovation menagement,14(2),118-128.
Siddiqui (Monday, 11 Oct 2010) “18th Amendment and Education”, Daily Newspaper Dawn.
Sinhal S (2005). “Developing Women Entrepreneurs in South Asia:Issues, Initiatives and Experiences”, ST/ESCAP/2401, Trade and Investment Division, Bangkok: UNESCAP.
Skill development in India: The Vocational Education and Training System (2006), World Bank. Skinner and Cross, “Is HRD practiced in Micro-SMES? HRDI 6:4, pp. 475–489, University of Hull, UK.
SME Led Economic Growth – Creating Jobs and Reducing Poverty Ministry of Industries, Production & Special Initiatives, Government of Pakistan SME Policy 2007.
Spar D. (1998), “Attracting high technology investment: Intel’s Costa Rica Plant” FIAS Occasional Paper 11, Washington, DC: IFC/FIAS. Sri Lanka, Country Summary of Higher Education by World bank.
State of microfinance in India (Institute of Microfinance,2009).
Tan, P. B. (1996) “Human Resource Development in Asia and the Pacific in the 21st century : Issues and challenges for employers and their organizations” Proceeding of ILO workshops on employers organizations in Asia pacific in 21st,pp 1-25. The European Observatory for SMEs Sixth Report (2000), European Commission.
Tulus, 2007, “Development of SMES In A Developing Country: The Indonesian Story”, Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship.
Tung, R. L., Aycan Z., (2008) “Key success factors and indigenous management practices in SMEs in emerging economies“ Journal of World Business, Volume 43, Issue 4, Pages 381- 384.
Vathsala A. M, (2006) "Management development practices: empirical evidence from Sri Lanka" International Journal of Human Resource Management 17:9, pp 1606–1624.
Vision for the National Skill Development Initiative in India (2009), Ministry of Labor, Government of India.
World Development Indicators (2010), World Bank.
Wright P. M. Mcmahan, G. C, and MC Williams, A. (1994), "Human resources and sustained competitive advantage: a resource-based perspective" International Journal Of Human Resource Management, 5(2), pp 301-326.
Yingde, 2006, “Discussion on Human Resource Management and Relevant Strategy in SMEs”, Business and Management College of Zhejiang University of Technology.
Zaman A. (2008), “South Asian SMEs need to globalize” Financial express.
Zengpei, X., 2006. Opening Remarks at the Regional Consultative Meeting on "Sub-national Innovation Systems and Technology Capacity Building to Enhance Competitiveness of SMEs", Republic of Korea.
Zheng, 1999, “Human Resource Management and Enterprise Performance in Small and Medium Enterprise in China”, China Center for Economic Research Peking University.