Wang, Hung-jen and Schmidt, Peter (2001): One-step and two-step estimation of the effects of exogenous variables on technical efficiency levels. Published in: Journal of Productivity Analysis , Vol. 2, No. 18 (2002): pp. 129-144.
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Consider a stochastic frontier model with one-sided inefficiency u, and suppose that the scale of u depends on some variables (firm characteristics) z. A one-step model specifies both the stochastic frontier and the way in which u depends on z, and can be estimated in a single step, for example by maximum likelihood. This is in contrast to a two-step procedure, where the first step is to estimate a standard stochastic frontier model, and the second step is to estimate the relationship between (estimated) u and z. In this paper we propose a class of one-step models based on the scaling property that u equals a function of z times a one-sided error u * whose distribution does not depend on z. We explain theoretically why two-step procedures are biased, and we present Monte Carlo evidence showing that the bias can be very severe. This evidence argues strongly for one-step models whenever one is interested in the effects of firm characteristics on efficiency levels.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||One-step and two-step estimation of the effects of exogenous variables on technical efficiency levels|
|Keywords:||technical efficiency; stochastic frontiers|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C5 - Econometric Modeling > C51 - Model Construction and Estimation
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C5 - Econometric Modeling > C52 - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D24 - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
|Depositing User:||Hung-Jen Wang|
|Date Deposited:||25. May 2011 13:29|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 12:43|
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