Santos, Carlos (2011): The euro sovereign debt crisis, determinants of default probabilities and implied ratings in the CDS market: an econometric analysis.

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Abstract
In this paper we take an innovative econometric look at the Euro Zone Sovereign Debt Crisis. We are particularly interested in understanding which determinants have led investors to ask for higher yields on sovereign debt from the Euro shatter belt. We dismiss the definition of speculation previously used in the literature, on the basis of the irrelevance of Granger Causality as an operational tool for this purpose. Instead, we suggest that speculative behavior would only exist if market assessment would be unrelated to economic fundamentals of such countries. Using a cross section of countries, we improve on the scarce literature on the Econometrics of Credit Default Swap Markets on sovereign debt. Firstly, we use an ordered probit model to determine whether economic fundamentals are driving the implied rating assessments. Secondly, we provide a pioneering application of quantile regression to this domain, to determine which variables matter at different conditional quantiles of the implied default probability distribution. Finally, Fisher’s Z statistic is used to relate bond markets to domestic saving rates. Overall, the different methodologies support the conclusion that the domestic savings rate is lenders’ main concern. Economies with worse saving habits are penalized both in the CDS market, and in the sovereign bonds markets. Notwithstanding, for countries on the top quantiles of the implied default probabilities, public debt and external debt also play a significant role, increasing the likelihood of higher insurance premium in the derivatives market. When looking at the Portuguese Case it seems clear that public policies that fail to take savings into proper account shall always be deemed to fail, as the country had the lowest net savings rate in the EU27 in 2008, followed closely by Greece.
Item Type:  MPRA Paper 

Original Title:  The euro sovereign debt crisis, determinants of default probabilities and implied ratings in the CDS market: an econometric analysis 
Language:  English 
Keywords:  sovereign debt; Euro Area; Credit Default Swaps; Quantile Regression; Ordered Probit; savings rate 
Subjects:  G  Financial Economics > G1  General Financial Markets > G12  Asset Pricing; Trading volume; Bond Interest Rates H  Public Economics > H6  National Budget, Deficit, and Debt > H63  Debt; Debt Management; Sovereign Debt E  Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2  Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment > E21  Consumption; Saving; Wealth C  Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2  Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C21  CrossSectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions C  Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2  Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C25  Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions 
Item ID:  31341 
Depositing User:  Carlos Santos 
Date Deposited:  08. Jun 2011 12:48 
Last Modified:  14. Feb 2013 17:47 
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URI:  http://mpra.ub.unimuenchen.de/id/eprint/31341 