Azzoni, Carlos Roberto and Guilhoto, Joaquim M. (2008): Modal composition of cargo transportation and income inequality in Brazil.
Download (319kB) | Preview
A Leontief-Miyazawa model was estimated to measure the income distribution effects of changes in the modal composition of cargo transportation in Brazil. It was calibrated for year of 2004, and considers 31 sectors (4 of which are related to cargo transportation: road, rail, water, and air), and 10 income brackets. A transfer of 10% of road transportation to rail or water was simulated. The results show that the relative impacts are small, considering the size of the Brazilian economy and the small importance of the transportation sector. Increases in the share of rail or water transportation will increase GDP and personal income, but will decrease employment. Increases in the share of rail transportation will have more positive effects on personal income and income distribution than increases in the share of water transportation. A change to water will result in a larger GDP change and a smaller number of jobs lost in comparison to a change to rail. Although rail and water present larger shares of intermediate purchases from pro-poor sectors than road transportation, the latter distributes directly more income to the low income brackets. On balance, the result is a very modest change in the Gini coefficient
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Modal composition of cargo transportation and income inequality in Brazil|
|English Title:||Modal composition of cargo transportation and income inequality in Brazil|
|Keywords:||Income, transportation, input-output|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R4 - Transportation Systems > R40 - General
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R15 - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Models
|Depositing User:||Joaquim José Martins Guilhoto|
|Date Deposited:||10. Jun 2011 16:51|
|Last Modified:||21. Feb 2013 08:32|
Goldberg, S. (1958). Introduction to Difference Equations. New York: Wiley.
Guilhoto, J. and Sesso-Filho, U. (2005). “Estimação da Matriz Insumo-Produto a partir de Dados Preliminares das Contas Nacionais”. Economia Aplicada, São Paulo, SP, v. 9, n. 2.
Kalecki, M. (1968). Theory of Economic Dynamics. New York: Monthly Review Press.
Kalecki, M. (1971). Selected Essays on the Dynamics of the Capitalist Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Keynes, J. M. (1936). The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money. New York: Harcourt. 1964.
Leontief, W. W. (1951). The Structure of the American Economy. Second Enlarged Edition. New York: Oxford University Press.
Miyazawa, K. (1963). "Interindustry Analysis and the Structure of Income Distribution." Metroeconomica, Aug.-Dec., vol. 15, nos. 2-3.
Miyazawa, K. (1976). Input-Output Analysis and the Structure of Income Distribution. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Miyazawa, K. (1960). "Foreign Trade Multiplier, Input-Output Analysis and the Consumption Function." Quaterly Journal of Economics, Feb., vol. 74, no. 1.
Moreira, G., Almeida, L., Guilhoto, J. and Azzoni, C. (2007) Productive Structure and Income Distribution: The Brazilian Case, Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.qref.2006.12.010)
Strang, G. (1980). Linear Algebra and Its Applications. 2nd. ed.. New York: Academic Press.